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MSUAZ Clin Lab Med 1

CBC, CMP, UA, Na, K

QuestionAnswer
Bacterial Infection: What blood results are seen? Leukocytosis (elevated WBCs), Neutrophilia (elevated neutrophils)
Inflammation: What blood results are seen? Leukocytosis (elevated WBCs), Neutrophilia (elevated neutrophils)
Glucocorticosteroid Use: What blood results are seen? Leukocytosis (elevated WBCs)
Viral Infection: What blood results are seen? Monocytosis (elevated monocytes)* Leukopenia (decreased WBCs), Neutropenia (decreased neutrophils), Lymphocytosis (elevated lymphocytes),
Overwhelming bacterial infection: what blood results are seen? Leukopenia (decreased WBCs), Neutropenia (decreased neutrophils)
Bone marrow failure: what blood results are seen? Leukopenia (decreased WBCs)
Autoimmune disease: what blood results are seen? Leukopenia (decreased WBCs)
Leukemia: what blood results are seen? Neutrophilia (increased neutrophils), Basophilia (increased basophils) if CML, Lymphocytosis (increased lymphocytes) if lymphocytic leukemia, Lymphocytopenia (decreased lymphocytes), Thrombocytopenia (decreased platelets)
Aplastic anemia: what blood results are seen? Neutropenia (decreased neutrophils)
Myeloproliferative diseases (CML): What blood results are seen? Basophilia (increased basophils)
Acute allergic reactions: what blood results are seen? Basopenia (decreased basophils)
Hyperthyroidism: what blood results are seen? Basopenia (decreased basophils
Neoplasm: what blood results are seen? Leukocytosis (increased WBCs), Eosinophilia (increased eosinophils)
Allergic Reactions: what blood results are seen? Basopenia (decreased basophils) if acute, Eosinophilia (increased eosinophils)
Addison's Disease: what blood results are seen? Eosinophilia (increased eosinophils)
Collagen Vascular Disease (Lupus): what blood results are seen? Eosiniphilia (increased eosinophils)
Coccidiomycosis: what blood results are seen? Eosinophilia (increased eosinophils)
Parasites: what blood results are seen? Eosinophilia (increased eosinophils), Monocytosis (increased monocytes) like Malaria
Corticosteroid Use: what blood results are seen? **Lymphocytopenia (decreased lymphocytes), eosinopenia (decreased eosinophils), Monocytopenia (decreased monocytes)
Mononucleosis or Viral Hepatitis: what blood results are seen? Lymphocytosis (increased lymphocytes)
Chronic Inflammatory Disorders (ulcerative colitis, collagen vascular disorder- lupus): what blood results are seen? Monocytosis (increased monocytes)
Malaria Parasitic Infection: what blood results are seen? Monocytosis (increased monocytes)
Polycythemia Vera: what blood results are seen? Thrombocytosis (increased platelets)
Postsplenectomy: what blood results are seen? Thrombocytosis (increased platelets)
Estrogens and Oral Contraceptives: what blood results are seen? Thrombocytosis (increased platelets)
Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura: what blood results are seen? Thrombocytopenia (decreased platelets)
Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura: what blood results are seen? Thrombocytopenia (decreased platelets)
Cirrhosis: what blood results are seen? Thrombocytopenia (decreased platelets)
Anemia: what blood results are seen? Thrombocytopenia (decreased platelets)
What is the most common form of granulocyte? Neutrophil
Immature neutrophils are called what? Bands
Which two granulocytes are involved in allergic reactions? Basophils and Eosinophils
Which class of WBC have granules in their cytoplasm and multilobed nuclei? Granulocytes
Which granulocyte phagocytoses bacteria? Neutrophils
Which WBC type fights acute viral infections and chronic bacterial infections? Lymphocytes
Leukocytosis with a left shift due to increased neutrophils and bands indicates what condition? Acute bacterial infection
Decreased hemoglobin, hematocrit, microcytic MCV, hypochromic MCHC, and elevated RDW indicate what condition? Iron deficient anemia
5 Common causes of iron deficient anemia? Menstrual blood loss, pregnancy, GI blood loss, decreased iron absorption, lactation
Causes of reduced RBC production that results in anemia? B12, folate, iron deficiency, bone marrow failure, renal failure (decreased erythropoietin)
Causes of increased RBC destruction that results in anemia? Hemolysis
3 types of microcytic (decreased MCV) anemia? Iron deficiency, Lead poisoning (basophilic stippling), Thalassemia (hereditary disorder with reduced synthesis of globin chains)
2 types of macrocytic anemia? Vitamin B12 deficiency, and Folate deficiency
3 types of normochromic anemia? Anemia of chronic disease, renal failure (decreased erythropoietin), and acute blood loss
A peripheral blood smear shows microcytic RBCs out of proportion to the degree of anemia, poikilocytosis, target cells, and nucleated RBCs. What condition might these results indicate? Thalassemia
Increased hemoglobin and hematocrit levels indicate what 4 possible conditions/situations? Dehydration, Polycythemia vera, Smoking/COPD, and High Altitude
A patient presents with HA, dizziness, tinnitus, blurred vision, fatigue, pruritis after a warm shower/bath, engorged retinal veins, thrombosis, splenomegaly, ^hemoglobin, ^hematocrit, leukocytosis, thrombocytopenia, & ^RBC mass. What do they have? Polycythemia vera
Thrombocytosis (increased platelet levels), is commonly indicative of what condition? Malignancy
What are the two types of thrombocytopenia? Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, and Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic purpura (rare)
In what 2 populations is idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura common in? Children, AIDS patients
What is the treatment for polycythemia vera? Phlebotomy
A patient presents with petechiae, purpura, epistaxis, menorrhagia, and thrombocytopenia likely has what condition? Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
What is the treatment for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura? Self-limited in kids, corticosteroids in adults or splenectomy if unresponsive
CBC results of decreased hemoglobin, decreased hematocrit, variable MCV, hypochromic MCHC, with peripheral smear of ringed sideroblasts, poikilocytosis, and anisocytosis indicates what condition? Sideroblastic Anemia
CBC results of decreased hemoglobin, decreased hematocrit, normocytic MCV, and normochromic MCHC indicate what 3 conditions? Anemia of Chronic Disease, Hypothyroidism, or liver disease
Created by: mccullough87