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Ch 8 Settling West

Spalding Academy 10th Grade 2011

Allotment A plot of land assigned to an individual or family for cultivation
Annuity Money paid by contract on regular intervals
Assimilate To absorb a group in to the culture of a larger population
Bonanza farm A large, highly-profitable wheat farm
Dry farming A way of farming dry land in which seeds are planted deep in the ground where there is some moisture
Great Plains A vast area of plains east of the Rocky Mountains that extend from present-day North Dakota to Texas
Homestead Method of acquiring a piece of US public land by living on and cultivating it
Long drive Driving cattle long distances to a railroad depot for fast transport and great profit
Maverick A stray calf with no identifying symbol
Nomad A person who moves from place to place, usually in search of food or grazing land
Open range Vast areas of grassland owned by the federal gov’t
Sodbuster A name given to Great Plains farmers
Who was Henry Comstock? Finds lode of silver in 6 mile Canyon, NV
Who was Stephen Long? Declared the Great Plains the “Great American Desert”
What was the Homestead Act Allowed settlers to claim up to 160 acres of land out West
Who was Little Crow Led Dakota Sioux Uprising when plea for aid denied
What was the Indian Peace Commission Created 2 large reservations for Sioux/Plains Indians. Run by Bureau of Indian Affairs
Who was George A. Custer US Colonel that led attack on Lakota and Cheyenne at Little Bighorn. Defeated.
Who was Chief Joseph Chief of Nez Perce. Flees 1,300 miles to escape reservation. Eventually surrenders
Who was Sitting Bull? Chief of Lakota Sioux. Flees to Canada after Battle of Little Bighorn.
What date did this occur: 1st Long Drive? 1866
What date did this occur: Battle of Little Bighorn? 1876
What date did this occur: Battle of Wounded Knee? 1890
What date did this occur: Comstock Lode? 1859
What date did this occur: Dawes Act? 1887
What date did this occur: Homestead Act? 1862
What date did this occur: Indian Peace Commission? 1867
What date did this occur: OK Land Rush? 1889 How did the mining industry contribute to the settlement of the West?
Name 5 Native American tribes in the Great Plains Lakota Sioux, Dakota Sioux, Cheyenne, Nez Perce, Creek (See pg 300)
What were some of the obstacles that farmers and miners faced as they headed west to settle the Great Plains? little water, grass tough, no trees, harsh winters, poor transportation, etc
What were the effects of the Dawes Allotment Act? Goal was to have each Indian family farm own land. Effects: Indians have little skill as farmers, plot too small, sell land to settlers, most Indian land belongs to settlers
How did the boarding schools attempt to “Americanize” Indian children? Cannot practice native religion, new clothes, hair cut, trained for jobs, cannot use native language, etc
Describe the difference between quartz and placer mining. Quartz: dig deep underground, Placer: use picks, pans, etc
Who said this: I cried aloud, shaking my head all the while until I felt the cold blades of the scissors against my neck, and heard them gnaw off one of my thick braids? Zitkala-Sa
Who said this: Our chiefs are killed…The little children are freezing to death. My people…have no blankets, no food…Hear me, my chiefs; I am tired; my heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands I will fight no more forever.”? Chief Joseph
Who said this: I have heard that you intend to settle us on a reservation near the mountains. I don’t want to settle. I love to roam over the prairies? Satanta
Created by: rejoyce431