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history stuff- Greece
|a poet who wrote epic poems. wrote the Odyssey and the Illiad
|sea off the coast of greece that seperates Greece and Turkey and persia
|peninsula off of Greece. City states there: Corinth, Micine, Sparta
|An island south of Greece. Main city= Knossus.
|main city of Crete. Place where the Labyrinth and Minotaur legends took place
|King of Minoan. Sent random kids to the Minotaur
|a self governed city and surrounding areas
|People rule together
|dictators. rule by several people
|a person who took power by force and rules with an iron hand
|historian called father of modern history. Wrote about the Persian war
|Shrines where messages from the Gods were received
|Ancient city of Apollo in Greece. Has the oracle of Delphi there, which is an oracle dedicated to Apollo.
|something sad or bad. Has a bad ending because a hero has a tragic flaw that causes his defeat.
|Wrote Oedipus Rex. (story where Oedipus marries his mother and kills his father)
|Wrote Trojan Women.
|Field at which the battle of Marathon was fought. 26.2 miles from Greece.
|A Professional runner. The fastest Athenian runner that ran from Marathon to Athens to tell the Athenians they had won the war, and then he died.
|A mountain pass on a Greek mainland where the Persians defeated 300 Spartans but then the Spartans defeated them at the island of Salamis.
|Father of Xerxes. Persian king. Lost war at Marathon
|Son of Darius. He led some of the Persian wars.
|Island Athenians fled to while Athens was being burnt after the battle of Thermopylae
|Leader of Athenians (during the Golden Age only). Died of the plague. Some Greek Historian wrote about how Pericles had a powerful voice and wrote/spoke great speeches.
|the highest point in a city
|Temple designated to Athena on top of the Acropolis. Has 46 columns.
|Greek Historian who wrote about the end of the Peloponesian War
|the search for the truth and the meanings of life
|A great Philosopher. Used Socratic method to teach and went to trial and drank poison and then died. Plato's teacher. Came first
|Socrates student. Wrote books about socrates. Most famous book, The Republic.
|A mountain in the center of Athens. Has many temples and buildings on it. Parthenon on it.
|Plato's student. Wrote about science and literature in books. Was Alexanders teacher and taught him about science and literature.
|Greek Like (not pure Greek but Greek like). Time when Alexander the Great spread Greek culture throughout the places he conquered.
|made Pythagorean therum= A squared+B squared= C squared. Mathematician.
|first doctor to look for the natural causes in diseases and started the Hippocratic Oath about how doctors should never hurt.
|pure Greek culture
|Market square near the Acropolis where men spent most of their time. you could shop, communicate, and be a part of the assembly.
|slave population was much larger than citizens. Slaves built very strong army.
|monarchy but with two kings. the assembly could not propose laws only vote for or against them.
|people that farmed the citizens land that the citizens were given by the government.
|shaped by the military. not considered as "good" as Athens (art wise)
|poetry, pottery, sculptures, literature, strong democracy, more... "artsy" than Sparta.
|spartan boys education
|left their homes at seven to go live in barracks with other boys. learned to read and write and they trained a lot. at night, they slept on the floor in light clothes in order to make them tougher and stronger.
|spartan girls education
|also got physical education in order to have strong children. they practiced: discuss throwing, wrestling, and running.
|Athenian boys education
|7+:Reading, writing, math, poetry, and dance.
|Athenian girls education
|no education; taught crafts and poetry by their mothers and got married at age 15.
|guest worker, foreigner.