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APUSH 1st Final
APUSH 1st Semester Fianl
|Which treaty in 1494 divides the new world between Portugal & Spain?
|Treaty Of Tordesillas
|Who claims Florida in 1513?
|Ponce De Leon
|Who explored the Mississippi River Valley in 1539-1542?
|In 1565 Spanish founded the 1st city in Florida which is?
|City Of St. Augustine
|Who explores the coast of California?
|Sir Francis Drake
|In 1584-1587 what is the name of the 1st attempt at an English colony called?
|In 1607 The British establish a colony with bad land, malaria, rich men, & no gold what was it called?
|For each adult a person payed passage to this system was known as the?
|In 1608 the 1st French established colony was called?
|In 1614 John Rolfe introduced the cultivation of _______ In Virginia.
|In 1619 the first _______ slaves were brought to America.
|In 1619 Virginia begins with a representative assembly known as?
|The House of Burgesses
|The _______ ________ was signed in the Plymouth Colony in 1620 and they agreed to rule by majority.
|In 1624 what did the Dutch founded?
|In 1629 Massachusetts Bay was founded & was known as the what? The Gov. was Winthrop and they had Bi-cameral legislature & schools
|City Upon A Hill
|Rhode Island is founded by who and was for Religious Tolerance ?
|In 1636 what college was found in Rhode Island and what was it's purpose?
|Harvard & to train young men for the ministry
|Maryland was a safe haven for who?
|Mercantialism in 1650-1696 The NAvigation Acts were enacted by parliment to?
|Limit trade, put tax on items
|In 1672 Blue Laws of Connecticut were what?
|Death codes for disagreeing with parents or bible
|In 1676 Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia was? This was the first uprising agaist British
|Bacon wanted frontier protection from royal Gov. Berkley
|William Penn Founded what? This was a safe haven for Quakers and had the 1st library
|In 1682 The North did what kind of things?
|Set up laws/ codes Brought Families Less land = closeness Social and economic mobility Puritan work ethic. Better relations w/ Indians
|In 1682 The South did what kind of things?
|Depended on crops - kills land Less urbanized Poorer communication, transportation Indian problems Slower defense
|In 1689-1713 King William's War was also known as ?
|The was of the League of Augsburg
|In 1692 The Salem ______ Trails happend.
|In the 1700's enlightenment was?
|reason, natural rights, deism (God made the universe but doesn't control it) -John Locke, Adam Smith, Rousseau
|Some of the colonies Characteristics were?
|Bi-cameral legislature Town meetings Mobocracy to oppose authority Courts/law No standing armies White, male, landowneres vote No British troops Legislature - governor is puppet Small, Balanced, Elected
|In 1702-1713 Queen Anne's War was also known as?
|War of Spanish Succession
|In 1720-1740 Great Awakening leaders were who and what did they want?
|George Whitefield, Edwards, Gibbens- threatning - Salvation for alll, exreme piety, Divine Spirit
|In 1733 an act that put import tax on molasses, sugar, rum was?
|Molasses Act - tried to curb trade with French West Indies - not strictly enforced
|In 1735 the Zenger Trail what happens? This is ground work of freedom of press 1st Amendment
|Victory for freedom of press
|In 1740-1748 King George's War was also known as?
|War of the Austrian Succession
|In 1754-1763 The French and Indian War
|-Over Ohio River Valley - trade/settlement -French build forts - Fort Duquesne -& are friendly w/ the Indians -English Gov. Dunwittie has stock in Ohio Land Company-sends George Washington to expel the French
|In 1754 Albany Plan of Union was for?
|Defense fails and shows disunity of colonies
|Albany Plan of Union - Colonies Reject
|-Taxation by colony, crown, and colonial gov. -Southern stated don't want to participate in Northern wars -Representation based on how much money each colony gives -British should be responsible for protection -President not elected
|Albany Plan of Union - Crown's Rejection
|-Colonies make own laws -Colonies have own protection -Colonies have right to declare war
|what Happens in the election of 1856?
|Buchanan defeats Fremont and Fillmore
|What is the Dred Scott decision?
|Slaves are properly to be taken anywhere-allows for slavery in North Missouri compromise unconstitutional
|What happens in the Panic of if 1857
|Depression, and Buchanan does not d anything about it.
|What is John Brown's Raid (1859)
|Harpers ferry to free slaves
|What is the Crittenden Compromise
|Last attempt at amendment against barring slavery below 36' 30 line--fails
|North violates rights-doesn't enforce fugitive laws. history-right to abolish a destructive government. MOney from treasury goes northern interests, government for the north. gov takin away property
|Not truly free and independent states, agreed to follow majority, gave up rights to join union
|What happened in the Civil War:
|The cilvil war begins at fort sumter, Beauregard fires first shot. necessity knows no law- lincoln increases army, navy, 1st income tax, green backs, no freedom of press or speech, Villangden jailed. confederacy established
|Paxton Boy's Rebellion of 1763
|dissatisfied about frontier protection in PA
|Salutatory Neglect ends in 1763 what is it?
|Salutary neglect was a British policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws, meant to keep the American colonies obedient to Great Britain
|In 1764 how did England benefit from sugar imports to America?
|Pay Their debt
|What did the acts in 1764 result?
|-Cut Molasses Act in Half Objection -1st diresct tax - "No taxation w/o representation"
|What did the Confederacy Constitution include?
|No protective tariffs, states could impeach federal officers, slavery protected, no federal funded improvements, states supreme, 2/3 house to appropriate money(problem)
|In 1765 The Stamp Act did what?
|- tax on printed materials to "keep troops in colonies" -colonist don't want standing army -Sons of Liberty enforce non-importation -Stamp act congress -> Protest stamp act -we buy only from England, and deserve equal privleges
|what is Ex Parte Marryman?
|Lincoln suspends habeas corpus and passes martial law in Maryland-Taney says only congress can suspend suspend Habeas Corpus.
|Pacific RR Act-1862
|Partially fed funded gave land for RR
|The Quartering Act if 1766 made colonies?
|support British troops
|The townshend Act
|- tax lead, paint, paint, paper, glass, tea -colonies react by non-importation, Samuel Adams Circular letter -Governor of Mass suspends legislature
|What is the 10 percent plan?
|lenient plan must plan allegiance 1863
|Sand Creek Massacre
|Chivington attacks defenseless indian village 1864
|1865 Civil War ends
|Lee surrenders to grant at Appomattox, VA
|What's Johnson's amnesty plan?
|pardons almost all confederates
|what is the 13th amendment?
|What is Ex parte Milligan
|military courts cant try civilians when civil courts are open
|1867- what is grange?
|organization formed by kelly for social educational reform for the farmer--farmers face deflation debt, drought depression
|In 1770 two massacre events were?
|The Boston Massacre & Golden Hill Massacre in NY
|In 1772 Samuel Adams organize the what>?
|Committees of Correspondence
|What was the Gaspee Incident?
|British ship burned- attempt to collect taxes
|The Tea Act in 1773 results
|price of goes up "taxes" - gives England a monopoly & Boston Tea party - dump tea into sea
|In 1774 The intorable acts were to punish who for what?
|Boston for the tea party
|Boston Port Act
|closes Bostons port
|Massachusetts Government Act?
|No town meetings, no trial by jury, military rule, Quartering Act -Quebec added to Ohio Valley
|What happens in the 1st continental congress in Philly?
|-Moderate don't want to split from England **-Demand rights to Englishmen(Virginia Resolutions) -Joseph Galloway- Plan of Union- council with delegates from colonies, president by Crown-rejected -Declaration of Rights and Resolves- Reject intolerable a
|1775 Battles of Lexington and Concord
|English vs. US
|Second Continental Congress
|-More Radical -Issued "Declaration of Causes and Necessity of Taking up Arms" -Appoint George Washington as commander -Oliver Branch Petition -last attempt to reconcile- rejected
|In 1775 R.H. Lee's Resolutions stated
|should be independent states
|1867-What are the the reconstruction acts?
|divide south into 5 military units protect black voting, est new constitutions.
|What is the tenure of office act-1868?
|pres cant remove any appointed official without senate consent declared unconstitutional -- congress cant take away powers from pres
|what it the 14th amendment-1868?
|all persons born naturalized within US citizens are citizens equal protection
|what is the 15t amendment 1870?
|right to vote cannot be determined by race, color, etc
|What are the force acts 1870?
|to protect the constitutional rights guaranteed to blacks by the 14th amendment and 15th
|1873 what are the slaughterhouse cases?
|14th amendment Am doesnt place fed govt under obligation to protect basic rights concerning monopolies.
|In 1776 what did America do?
|Declaration of Independence
|Causes of declaration...
|Thomas Paine "Common Sense Battle of Long Island and Trenton
|The Battle of Saratoga in 1777 resulted
|Turning point in Revolution
|In 1777 Because of Dickinson congress adopts
|The articles of Confed.
|Articles of Confed. had independent states, have some duties and restrictions, each state one vote, Individual states can't enter into alliances w/ foreign states, Can't enter alliances or hold treaties w/o consent of congress and
|union for defense, delegates appointed annually, freedom of speec/debate, Can't wage war w/o consent, Money in treasury depends on value of land, Can't control trade
|The transcontinental treaty
|Got Florida from Spain - Jackson invades, romove Spanish threat
|Panic of 1817
|land speculation, banks can't pay loans of Bank of US = bank runs
|McCulloch v. Maryland-
|1820 Missouri Compromise
|Maine admitted as free state and Missouri a slave state but no slavery north of Missouri
|reduced price of lan and encouraged development
|1822 Cumberland Road Bill
|to build roads & Monroe vetos it
|1823 Monroe Doctrine declared
|No future colonization of this hemisphere
|Treaty w/ Russia
|got everything under 54th parallel
|1824 Election John Quincy Adams(Rep) defeats Andrew Jackson (Rep) & Clay (Rep)
|Jackson's "Corrupt Bargain"
|Gibbons v. Ogden
|interstate trade controlled by fed. courts
|1825 what canal is opened
|In 1826 Panama Conference (PAN American)
|Congress doesn't send ambassador to avoid slavery issue
|182 Tariff of Abominations
|protective - south opposes
|South Carolina expositions and Protest - by Calhoun
|reaffirms right of state to nullify
|what happened in the 1872 Credit Mobilier Scandal?
|stock holders of RR construction company overcharge gov for job.
|Civil Rights Acts 1875:
|gave blacks equal rights
|!876 Battle of bighorn?
|What is US v. Reese
|allows voting qualifications literacy test, poll tax, grandfather clause
|What is Munn v. Illinois 1877?
|if in interest of public good, than states can regulate prices reasonably
|in the Election of 1828 what does Jackson promise
|to limit executive power, internal improvements, lower debt
|In 1829 Marysville Road Bill Veto
|Only withing Kentucky
|1829 Webster (nationalist) - Hayne (states rights) Debate
|Began over Tariff of Abominations
|When did The 2nd Great Awakening happend?
|1831 The liberator begins publication
|abolitionist become vocal -Nat Turner
|What did Cyrus McCormick invent
|1831-1838 Trail of Tears
|Southern Indian removed to Oklahoma
|Tariff of 1832
|raised tariffs again & calhoun resigns
|allows president to do what is necessary to enforce tariff
|Ordinance of Nullification
|South Carolina nullifies tariff - Clay negociates and reduces tariff
|Andrew Jackson vetos Bank of US
|they recharter it
|Department of Indian _____ established.
|Seminole war w/ ________ begins.
|Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
|Fed. govt. has control, Not Georgia
|Agreement w/ _________ to open West Indies ports
|1833 Roger Taney removes federal funds from Bank of US by order
|thinks bank is unconstitutional
|Andrew Jackson was president from what time?
|what is the compromise of 1877?
|Hays becomes president troops withdraw from south.
|1878 What is Hall v. DeCuir?
|What is the Bland-Allison Act 1878?
|coined limited number of silver
|what is the treaty of 1878?
|get rights to pago, samoa
|1778 Treaty of Alliance
|it is beween the US and france sends navy and army
|What is the treaty of peace 1783?
|us violated the articles of confederation, independence recognized, granted fishing rights, loyalist restitutions of property, Britain withdraws from forts (not really) free navigation of mississippi.
|what is the land ordinance 1785?
|government responsible over territory
|what is the treaty of hopewell 1785?
|ends hostilities with cherokee
|what is Shay's rebellion 1786?
|depression no market no hard currency farmers poor
|what is the annapolis convention 1786?
|agreement between states fails
|1787 what is the constitutional convention in philadelphia?
|it was to revise articles.
|What was included in the constitution?
|1. house of reps: sole power to impeach, bill revenue, senate-try impeachements congress-tax, excese, duties, commerce regulation, declare war, raise army 2. executive-commander, make treaties with consent, appoint judges 3. supreme court-look next!
|1835-1836 Texas War for Indy.
|"Lone Star Republic"
|western land must be paid by hard currency
|Election of 1836
|Harrison (Whig) defeated by Van Burden (demo.)
|In 1837 US recognizes the Republic of _____.
|What college enrolls its first women students?
|Charles Bridge v. Warren Bridge
|only strict interpretation of contract
|Panic of 1837
|in part due to Jackson's withdrawal of funds from Bank of US Van Burden does nothing
|1938-1839 Aroostook "War"
|bloodless boundary dispute between Maine and New Brunswick
|1840 Indy. Treasury System
|constructs vaults to hold fed. $$
|Election of 1840
|Harrison (whig) defeats Van Buren -Harrison dies b/c of pneumonia & VP John Tyler becomes president
|Jackson, Calhoun, Van Buren, Benton "Republicns" Against monopolies and privilege Decrease tariff For state rights
|Clay, Webster, John Quincy Adams, Harrison "Federalist" For national power; Bank of US Increase in tariffs Internal improvements
|Tyler was a democrat in ______ clothing.
|In 1841 the Independent Treasury Act was
|In 1841 ______ vetos the recharder of Bank of US
|to disribute money from sale of western land to states - bill defeated
|1842 Tariff Bill
|raised back to 1832 status
|Rhode Island rebellion agaist land qualifications for voting - tyler puts down
|1839 Webster - Ashburton Treaty
|ends boundary dispute
|1842 Oregon Trail
|Election of 1844
|Polk (Dem) defeats clay (whig) and birney (Liberty-anti slavery)
|1845 Taxes annexation bill
|by tyler- permits admission of texas and florida
|In 1846 Elias Howe invented?
|1846-1848 Mexican american war
|General Taylor provokes Mexicans by moving into disputed Rio Grande/Neuces River -3 part plan to take over mexico - decide against
|3. supreme court-original jurisdiction 4. protection against invasion, domestic and foreign 5. 2/3 of both houses to amend constitution
|What is the great compromise? 1878
|bi-cameral legislature (equality in senate popular in house) 3/5 compromise
|what is judiciary act? 1789
|establish courts beneath supreme court
|What was in the bill of rights? 1791
|What is hamilton's program? 1791
|debt is good, tie interests of rich, promote home manufacturing, alliance with britain.
|Slidell sent to negotiation -rejected by Mexico
|1846, 1847 Wilmot Provisto
|no slavery in new states formed from Mexico land - reject
|54" 40' or Flight
|Get Oregon below 49th paralle
|Walker Tariff Bill
|1847 Polk doctrine
|resurrection of Monroe Doctrine concerning admittiting new states into union
|1848 Trist Mission
|Trist negociates Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
|What are the benefits of the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo?
|got territories of Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, & Wyoming *Gold was discovered in Cali
|**Womens Rights Convention
|held in Seneca Falls in NY headed by Mott and Stanton
|Election of 1848
|Taylor (whig) defeats (DEm. father of pop. sovereignty)& Van Burden (Free Soil - abolitionist) - Taylor dies (1850)- Millard Fillmore VP
|Clay's Compromise of 1850
|passes as separate acts during Fillmore- but violated -California as free state -Other areas-popular soverignity -US takes Texas banned in Washington -Fugitive slave law strengthened
|Commodore Mathew Perry opens ______ to US trade.
|Who won in the electionof 1852?
|1853 Gadsden Purchased
|buy land from Mexico to build RR
|Uncle Toms Cabit
|passed to create two states for a RR to go west - slavery in states determined by pop. sovereignty - North fears overturn of Missouri Compromise
|New England Emigrant Aid Society
|into kansas/ Nebraska territory
|1854-1859 Bleeding Kansas
|Topeka (free soilers) govt. vs. recogizes new govt.
|1856 Lawerence Mob Violency
|Abolitionist materials burned
|John Brown kills four pro-slavery ppl
|what is the whiskey rebellion? 1794
|poor farmers dont want to pay excise tax wash uses trops to put them down
|what is the pickney's treaty 1794?
|it is with spain free navigation of mississippi river right of deposit at new orleans
|what is the XYZ affair? 1796
|france attacks Am ships and makes unreasonable demands no money no war
|What are the alien and sedition acts 1798-1799
|virginia and kentucky resolutions gave states right to nullify if unconstitutional anti alien and sedition acts
|what was the fries uprising 1799?
|oppose federal tax on property
|what is the logan act? 1799
|citizen cant represent gov
|what is the convention of 1800?
|hamilton negotiate with france we pay to Am attacked by france
|what is mabury v madison? 1803
|supreme court declares parts of the judiciary act of 1789supremem court could declare law unconstitutional and pwers of court only given in constitution
|what is the 12th amendment? 1804
|separate ballots for president and VP
|What is essex junto 1804
|federalist organization in New England attempts to succeed
|what is the embargo act? 1807
|stop exports no war, no impressment- federalist object to cut off trade
|what is fletcher v pack 1810?
|action of state can be declared unconstitutional
|what is battle of tippecanoe? 1811
|harrison defeats indian tecumseh who made alliance with indians for defense
|What is the war of 1812?
|to protest trade, stop impressment, protect mercantilism
|1814 what is treaty of ghent?
|ends war with a status quo, era of good feelings begins
|1814 what is the hartford convention?
|federalist against the war of 1812 and mercantile practices of madison
|what was the american colonization soceity? 1816
|they wanted to relocate free blacks to liberia
|What is Henry Clay's american system? 1916
|federally founded domestic improvements and protective tarriffs
|1817 what is rush-bagot disarmament?
|between us and britain to get fishing rights
|what is the convention of 1818?
|enforcement of fishing rights N. Louisiana boundary at 49 parallel