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Fall prevention

Postural control strategies

Name 3 postural control strategies ankle strategy, hip strategy, step strategy
requires adequate ROM and strength at the ankle ankle strategy
requires a firm broad surface below the feet ankle strategy
requires an adequate amount of sensation in the ankles and feet ankle strategy
requires adequate hip ROM and strength hip strategy
requires adequate LE strength, power and ROM step strategy
requires central processing speed step strategy
requires the ability to move the limb quickly and accurately during the step initiation process step strategy
the maximum amount that our COM can move before we need to change BOS limit of stability
COM center of mass
BOS base of support
What are the 3 balance systems? vision, vestibular, somatosensory
Somatosensory changes related to aging *2-10 fold increase in the vibration threshold--reduces the ability to feel the surface beneath the feet *decreased ability to sense joint and muscle movement
Vestibular changes with age *decreased sensitivity to head movements/increased sway *decreased ability to stabilize vision with head movement *effects magnified when somatosensory or vision is also impaired
Created by: abascas