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Strep

Gram Positive Cocci, Microaerophilic

QuestionAnswer
Gram Positive Cocci, Microaerophilic Strep Pneumoniae, Strep agalactiae, Strep pyogenes, Strep viridans
Strep Pyogenes: Lab tests Catalase -, Beta-Hemolytic, Bacitracin Sensitive
Strep Pyogenes: Toxins Hyaluronic acid capsule, M Protein, Streptolysins O and S, Pyrogenic Exotoxin, Exoenzymes
Strep Pyogenes: Diseases Pharyngitis, Impetigo, Erysipela, Cellulitis, Puerperal Infection, Necrotizing fasciitis, Scarlet fever, TSLS, Acute rheumatic fever, Post-streptococcal acute glomerulonephritis
Strep Pyogenes: Treatment Penicillin, Erythromycin, Sulfonamides
Strep Pyogenes: Transmission Normal flora of skin and oropharynx, causing infection with penetration of tissues
Strep Pneumoniae: Lab tests Lancet-shaped diplococci, Alpha-hemolytic, Optochin sensitive
Strep Pneumoniae: Toxins Capsule, Pneumolysin
Strep Pneumoniae: Diseases Pneumococcal lobar pneumonia, Meningitis (adult), Otitis media, Sinusitis, Chronic bronchitis, Conjunctivitis
Strep Pneumoniae: Treatment Penicillin, Augmentin, Ceftriaxone, Vanc
Strep Pneumoniae: Transmission Normal flora of the upper respiratory tract; Meningitis with spread from sinusitis or otitis media
Strep Pneumoniae: Vaccine Prevnar (Infants) and Pnuemovax (adults)
Strep Agalactiae: Labs Paired cocci, Catalase -, Beta-hemolytic, Bacitracin resistant
Strep Agalactiae: Toxins Capsule, Sialic acid
Strep Agalactiae: Diseases Neonatal pneumonia and Meningitis
Strep Agalactiae: Treatment Penicillin G +/- Gent, Vanc, Ampicillin + Gent
Strep Agalactiae: Transmission Normal flora of vagina; Vertical transmission at birth
Strep Viridans: Labs Catalase -, Alpha-hemolytic, Optochin resistant
Strep Viridans: Toxins Glycocalyx, Lipoteichoic acid, Glucans
Strep Viridans: Diseases Dental Caries, Subacute endocarditis
Strep Viridans: Treatment Penicillin + Gent, Vanc
Strep Viridans: Transmission Carried in mouth
Created by: vmed