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Staph

Gram Positive Cocci, Facultative Anaerobes

QuestionAnswer
Gram Positive Cocci, Facultative Anaerobes Staph aureus, Staph epidermidis, Staph saprophyticus
Staph aureus: Lab tests Catalase +, Coagulase +, Beta-hemolytic
Staph aureus: Toxins Alpha toxin (septic shock), Beta toxin (sphingomyelinase), Capsule, Protein A, Penicillinase, Hemolysin, Enterotoxin, TSST-1
Staph aureus: Diseases Impetigo, Pyoderma, Bateremia/sepsis, Post-viral pneumonia, Osteomyelitis, Infective arthritis, Acute endocarditis, Food poisoning, Scalded Skin Syndrome, TSS
Staph Aureus: Treatment Nafcillin, Vanc, 1st Generation cephalosporin, Bactracin
Staph Aureus: Transmission Nose/Sneeze, Contact, Nosocomial
Staph epidermidis: Lab tests Catalase +, Coagulase -
Staph epidermidis: Toxins Glycocalyx
Staph Epidermidis: Diseases Neonatal bateremia and sepsis, Subacuate endocarditis, Prosthetic valve infection
Staph Epidermidis: Treatment Vanc, linezolid, daptomycin
Staph Epidermidis: Transmission Normal flora
Staph Saprophyticus: Labs Catalase +, Coagulase-
Staph Saprophyticus: Toxin Hemaglutinin protein and surface proteins--> attachement to urinary tract epithelial cells
Stpah Saprophyticus: Diseases UTI
Staph Saprophyticus: Treatment Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole
Staph Saprophyticus: Transmission Normal flora of genitourinary tract
Created by: vmed