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T4-NMS-Orthos-Ankle

QuestionAnswer
Squeeze Test? Patient is supine, and doctor wraps hands around lower leg, and works way up, POS=Deep Pain IND=high or posterior ankle sprain
Anterior Drawer Test of the Ankle? Patient is supine tibia is held against table and doc pulls up on the calcaneous POS=more ant translation of the calcaneous than the other side IND=ant tibofibularligament damage
Morton’s Test? Patient is supine and doctor grasps around the metatarsal heads and squeezes. POS=pain at the metatarsal heads IND=metatarsalgia or neuroma
Struksy’s Sign? Hyperflex the toes POS=Pain in the transverse arch of the food IND=metatarsalgia
Homan’s Sign? Patient is supine with knee extended. Doctor dorsiflexes the food and squeezes the calf POS=deep pain in the posterior leg or calf IND=thrombophlebitis
Metatarsal Tap? Doctor taps the metatarsal heads on the plantar surface of the foot with the reflex hammer POS=pain in the metatarsals IND=metatarsalgia
Inversion or lateral stress test? Doctor holds foot down and pushing the calcanous into inversion POS=Increased inversion as compared to the other side IND=anterior talofibular ligament or a calcaneofibular ligament tear
Eversion or Medial Stress test? Doctor holds foot down and pushes more into Eversion POS=more movement than other side IND=tear of the deltoid ligament
Tinel Foot Sign? Tapping on the medial aspect of the foot POS=tingling or parethesias raditing in the foot IND=irritation to the posterior tibial nerve, possibly tarsal tunnel
Thompsons? Patient is prone, and knee is flexed to 90 degress, doctor grasps both hands around the calf muscle and squeeze POS=foot does not plantar flex IND=achilies tendon rupture
Achilles Tap Test? Patient is prone and doc taps on the achillies POS=increase in pain and loss of plantarflexsion iND=rupture of the achillies tendon
Hoffa Test? Patient is prone and feet hanging off of the table. Doctor palpates the calcaneous, and achilies POS=achilies tendon is less taught and foot is in a dorsiflexed position, doctor may also palpate fragments behind either malleoulus—calcaneous fracture
Helbing’s sing? patient is standing and achiles tendons are observed POS=medial bowing
Too many toes sign? Patient is observed from the back POS=you can see more than 2 toes IND=significant forefoot abduction or pronation
Created by: maddie427