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short story terms

literary terms definitions

setting where a story takes place includes time of the year in history
mood atmosphere of the story the mood of a story is created by the setting
theme authors message or lesson what do you learn from the story
conflict problem in a story
internal conflict when a character is forced to make a difficult decision
person vs self forced to make a difficult decision
external conflict problem or conflict is created by an outside force
man vs man two people are in conflict arguing or fighting
man vs fate a person who cannot control his/her destiny
man vs society a person whose values an beliefs are different from society
man vs nature conflict is created by a force of nature this includes weather animals ocean
plot sequence of events in a story
exposition all background information id given to the reader characters are reduced
narrative hook main conflict is introduced
rising action events in a story that lead to the climax most will take place in here
climax the most exciting part of a story; turning point protagonist must make a decision
falling action events leading to the conclusion of a short story
conclusion resolution or end of a short story attitude is created by the narrator
narrator person telling the story narrator is not the same as the author
tone authors attitude about the short story
point of view how the story is told
1st person the narrator is part of the story the narrator uses "i me our in the story
3rd limited the narrator tells the story through the eyes of one character
3rd omniscient the narrator can tell you what everyone in the story thinks can tell you about the past present future
characters people or animals in a short story
major most important character in a story
protagonist the main character or the good guy
antagonist character who creates problems for the protagonist;bad guy
minor additional character needed to tell the story
dynamic character a character whose values beliefs or thoughts change in a short story
static character a character whose values beliefs or thoughts do not change in a short story
indirect characterization the reader learns about a character through his/her thoughts words and/or actions
direct characterization the reader learns about a character through what other characters or the narrator tells the reader
symbol something represents a thought attitude emotion or something else
irony the difference between appearance and reality when what is expected to happen doesn't
foreshadowing hints about what will happen later in the story foreshadowing helps you predict what will happen
Created by: maria fuentes