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Chapter 20

QuestionAnswer
Ho Chi Minh most important voice demanding independence for Vietnam
domino theory the idea that if Vietnam fell into communism, its closest neighbors would follow
Dien Bien Phu military base in northwest Veitnam
SEATO Southeast asia treaty organization. defensive alliance aimed at preventing communist aggression in Asia
Vietcong South Vietnamese communist rebels that waged guerilla war against the government of South Vietnam throughout the Vietnam war
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution 1964 congressional resolution that authorized President Johnson to commit US troops to south vietnam and fight a war against north vietnam
Willian Westmoreland the american commander in south vietnam
napalm jellied gasoline dropped in canisters that explode on impact and cover large areas in flames; dropped by us planes during the vietnam war
hawk a person who supported us involvement in the vietnam war
dove person who opposed us involvemtent in vietnam war
draftee young men drafted into military service
SDS Students for a democratic societyorganization founded in 1960 at the university of michigan to fight racisn and poverty
"credibility gap" american publics growing distrust of statements made by the government during the vietnam war
Tet offensive communist assault on a large number of south vietnamese cities in early 1968
Eugene McCarthy antiwar canididate for the democratic party nomination
Robert Kennedy new yorks democratic senator announced his candidacy for the presidency
Vientnamization President Nixons plans for gradual withdrawal of US forces as south vietnamese troops assumed more combat duties
Kent State University threw rocks and bottles at members of national guard
My Lai Village of strong vietcong presence
Pentagon Papers classied US government study that repealed american leaders intentionally involved the US in vietnam without fully informing the American people; leaked to The New York Times in1971
Paris Peace Accords 1973 peace agreement between the US, South Vietnam, North Vietnam, and the Vietcong that effectively ended the Vietnam War
War Powers Act 1973 law passed by congress restricting the presidents war making powers; requires the president to consult with congress before committing american forces to a foreign conflict
Henry Kissinger Nixons leading adviser on national security and international affairs
realpolitik a foreign policy promoted by Henry Kissinger during the Nixon administration based on concrete national interests instead of abstract ideologies
Zhou Enlai Chinese leader
Strategic Arms 1972 treaty between the united states and the soviet union froze the developement of intercontinental ballistic missiles and placed limits on antiballistic missiles
Limitation Treaty
detente flexible diplomacy adopted by Richard Nixon to ease tensions between the US the sovit union and the peoples republic of china
Created by: eabdu3