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Peds 3rd B

School & Learning Disabilities

QuestionAnswer
The Education of All Handicapped Children Act, amended in 1997 to become known as the IDEA act PL 94-142 (1975): brought handicapped children into public schools and support states and localities in protecting the rights of & meeting the individual needs of infants, toddlers, children, and youth with disabilities and their families.
Which law, known as "The Preschool Law," added IFSPs & early intervention services from birth thru 5 years? PL 99-457 passed in 1986. Requires that child be 25% behind compared to peers
Which law added disabilities that were not necessarily education related to the IDEA act? PL 101-476 (1990) requires that individuals with disabilities be educated in the last restrictive environment and allows for Dx like ADD
Which law reauthorized & renamed the HCA as IDEA and included OT as a related service? PL 105-17 (1997)
Which law (known as the NCLB act increased accountability through adding AYP? PL 107-110 passed in 2001
Which reauthorization of IDEA added RtI (Response to Intervention to document child's responses to interventions? 2004 PL 108-446
FAPE Free and Appropriate Public Education
LRE Least Restrictive Environment: regular classroom preferred, full inclusion w/ modifications or teacher's aide if possible, partial inclusion
IEP Individualized Education Program
EEN Exceptional Educational Need
MFE Multi Factoral Evaluation
What are the 6 principals of 94-142 Education for All Handicapped Children act 1) FAPE; 2) LRE; 3) Appropriate Education; 4) IEP; 5) Parent & student participation in decisions; 6) Due process & procedural safeguards - lay out process for parents to disagree
How often is the IEP reviewed? annually, with a re-evaluation every 3 years
What is the main arbiter of whether a child receives OT services? If OT will directly influence the child's school performance - can include their ability to participate
True/False - A doctor's referral is needed for OT services in education in PA FALSE
What services do OTs offer in PA schools? Individual svcs (pulling out of class); Integrated (while in class); monitoring, consultation, educational settings i
What are some OT tx in schools Positioning, Handwriting, fine motor, Adaptive equip, assistive devices, SI, Perceptual motor, ADLs, Behavior management, School activities
Which law introduced the IFSP? PL 99-457 (1986) introduced the Individualized Family Service Plan in early intervention
What are some considerations for OT & Early intervention? Work in the child's natural environment, respect cultural differences, include family & siblings, incorporate Tx into daily routine,
from what ages of child do IDEA services apply? ages 3 to 21
What are 3 areas looked at when creating OT goals? 1) occupations or performance skills; 2) how well the child is performing; 3) conditions for the child's performance (environment & context)
Key points of an IFSP Collaboration between professionals and parents; assessment of fan resources & goals for child; ID services needed to achieve outcome; Fam has right to refuse/accept services; reassess in 6 mos Case manager assigned, Transition
What LD has: difficulty with numbers, difficulty with time sequencing, diff with lining up numbers for calculations, diff handling money Dyscalcula
What LD has: difficulty writing words, difficulty spacing letters, poor body position, poor letter formation, difficulty thinking & writing Dysgraphia
What LD has: can recognize letters but not read well, slow reading, may have middle ear infections, is a type of mind dyslexia
OT approaches to LD treatment Multi-sensory approach, minimize distractions, demonstrate steps of task, vestibular stimulation, support child in finding compensation that works for them
Created by: sherryama