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Music History 11-14

Choralis Constantinus sets in polyphony chants from German diocese of Constance
Geistliche Gesangbuchlein “Little Book of Spiritual Songs” published by Johann Walter – 38 Protestant hymns and 5 Latin motets
The Augsburg Confession definitive doctrinal statement of the Lutheran faith Psalter
The Geneva Psalter published by Calvin; translation of all 150 psalms into metrical and rhyming French
Counter-Reformation movement that fostered reform within the established Roman Church
Council of Trent (1545-1563) congress of bishops and cardinals held at the small town of Trento in the Italian Alps; started the Counter-Reformation
Sistine Chapel pope’s private chapel within his apartments
A cappella singing without instrumental accompaniment
Point of imitation motive used where each phrase of text assigned its own motive which appears in each voice
Prima pratica first practice; traditional style for church music in contrast to the freer writing found in some madrigals of the late 16th C
St. Peter’s Basilica largest church in the world; a Renaissance replacement for Constantine’s Roman church designed in part by Michelangelo
Virginal diminutive harpsichord possessing a single keyboard with the strings placed at right angles to the keys
Fitzwilliam Virginal Book (1615) large collection of keyboard music
Variation technique procedure in which successive statements of a theme are changed or presented in altered surroundings
Musica transalpina (music across the Alps) 33 madrigals by Italian composers but texts were translated into English
Consort song voice accompanied by a group of independent instruments, usually of viols
Lute ayre soloist accompanied by a lute and possibly a bass instrument such as viola da gamba
Seconda pratica Monteverdi’s term for the new text-driven approach to composition
Doctrine of Affections different musical moods could and should be used to influence emotions of the listeners
Monody means “to sing alone” – continuation of the attempts of poets, scholars, and musicians to emulate the music of ancient Greece by making words intelligible and enhancing their effect
Basso continuo bass line that provided a never-ending foundation for the melody
Figured bass numerical shorthand placed with the bass line that tells the player which unwritten notes to fill in above the written bass note
Libretto the text that conveys the story of the opera; written in poetic verse
Le nuove musiche (1602) The New Music; anthology of solo madrigals and strophic solo songs gathered over time
Simple recitative musically heightened speech accompanied only by basso continuo
Arioso style manner of singing halfway between a recitative and a full-blown aria
Aria Italian for “song”; more florid, expansive, and melodious than a recitative or arioso
Strophic variation aria same melodic and harmonic plan appears, with slight variation, in each successive strophe
Cori spezzati “broken choirs” which was music for 2, 3, or 4 choirs placed in different parts of a building
Stile concertato Baroque music marked by grand scale and strong contrast, either between voices and instruments, between separate instrumental ensembles, between separate choral groups, or between soloist and choir
Concerted motet concerato style evident in motet
Concerted madrigal instruments appear, contrasting textures and timbres
Basso ostinato bass line that insistently repeats, note for note
Ciaconna (chaconne) indicates repeating bass pattern of short duration
Passacaglia indicates repeating bass pattern of short duration (used to be diff than ciaconna)
Kapellmeister chief of music at court in Germany
Da chiesa of the church
Da camera of the chamber
Trio sonata comprised line for 2 treble instruments and basso continuo
Binary form 2 complementary parts – 1st moving to a closely related key and 2nd beginning in that key but soon returning to the tonic
Walking bass bass moving in steady pace
Solo concerto instrumental piece for solo and orchestra
Cadenza technically demanding, rhapsodic, improve passage near the end of a movement
Concerto grosso larger body of performers (orchestra) contrasts w/ smaller group of soloists
Ripieno “full” – larger ensemble in concerto grosso
Concertino smaller group of soloists in concerto grosso
Ritornello form uses refrain
Created by: megshu
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