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Chapter 5: Toward Independence

What were Patriots? Americans who believed the colonies had the right to govern themselves.
What were Loyalists? Colonists who felt loyal to Great Britain and thought that they needed them to survive.
What did the French and Indian War leave Great Britain with? large debts
What brought more than 50,000 people to the colonies? Cheap land, religious tolerance, and economic opportunities.
What prevented the colonists from pushing West toward the Ohio Valley? British and French's already claimed land.
What is a militia? a small army made up of ordinary citizens who are trained to fight in an emergency.
What did the French and Indian War fight over? Territory and Power.
Why was Braddock's march into the Ohio Valley during the French and Indian Was unsuccessful? They wore bright red uniforms that attracted the French shooters.
How long did the French and Indian War Last? 7 years.
What did King George III declare in the Proclamation of 1763? That settlers are to stay east of the Appalachian Mountains and Indians are to stay west.
What is tyranny? the unjust use of government power.
What was the Stamp Act? a tax placed on all paper products to help pay off debts from the French and Indian War.
What was the Quartering Act? a law requiring colonial assemblies to provide housing to British troops.
What were the Townshend Acts? taxes placed on popular items such as glass, paint, paper, and tea.
What is a boycott? to refuse to buy one or more goods from a certain source. An organized refusal by many people is also called the same.
What was the response to the Townshend Acts? boycott of British goods.
What was the one Townshend Acts not repealed? tea.
What is a massacre? the killing of defenseless people.
This massacre, which ended up just being a riot, occurred in 1770. Where did it happen? Boston.
After the Boston Massacre and the repeal of the Townshend Acts, what followed? a period of calm.
What did the Tea Act enable? the lowering of the price of taxed tea.
What made the British East India Company become even more broke? the boycott of British tea.
What was the colonists' response to the Tea Act? The colonists felt a British monopoly, so they dumped all the tea into Boston Harbor.
What was Great Britain's response to the Boston Tea Party? the creation of the Intolerable Acts.
What occurred in 1774? Parliament passed the Intolerable Acts, and the First Continental Congress was formed.
What laws did the Intolerable Acts impart on the colonists? the closing of Boston Harbor, the government of Massachusetts would be placed under British control, British soldiers who were accused of murder would be tried in England.
What did the other colonies do in response to the Intolerable Acts placed on Massachusetts? they showed support by sending food and money to Boston
In what way did the First Continental Congress cause people to think of themselves as? Americans.
The new boycott of British goods until the Intolerable Acts were repealed was formed at _________. The First Continental Congress
Fighting between Patriots and British troops occurred where and when? The Battles at Lexington and Concord in 1775.
At Concord, who first fired upon the British troops? Minutemen.
The Battles at Lexington and Concord proved what? That Americans were willing to die for their rights.
Created by: GAntonini