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European Coun.


What and where is the Fertile Crescent? A large area of the Middle East that has rich and fertile soil.
What is, does this refer to, and who named it Mesopotamia? A region between the rivers Euphrates and Tigris that's part of present day Iraq and named after the Greeks because it's between two rivers.
Why is Mesopotamia fertile? The rivers help fertilize the soil with their floods.
What's silt and what does it have to do with flooding? Silt is a mixture of fertile soil and small rocks and flooding carries the silt to the land to make it fertile.
What's the division of labor? A type of arrangement that arranges people by their specialize task or job.
What is, how was it used, and how did cuneiform start out? It is the world's first writing system and used first by the Sumerians, who invented it, to keep track of business records.
What's a scribe? A scribe, or writer, keeps track of items people traded. Scribes get hired by the government and temples keep track of their business records.
What is and who invented the plow and the wheel? The plow is something that breaks the soil to prepare for planting and a wheel is a circle with crossing beams that is used to make wheeled vehicles and pottery.They both were invented by the Sumerians.
What is and who made the sun-dial and the Handing Gardens of Babylon? The sun-dial is an invention to tell time at day and the Hanging Garden of Babylon is a beautiful garden that is one of the seven ancient wonders of the world.
What is and who invented the siege warfare, battering rams, and moveable towers? The Assyrians invented them and the siege warfare is like a tank( but it wasn't completely covered and they shoot arrows out of it),the battering ram is a ram that took down walls, and the moveable towers were towers that took soldiers over the wall.
What is and who invented the chariot? The Hittite invented it and the chariot is a horse-drawn cart that lets soldiers shoot arrows.
What did Sumerians contribute to Mathematics? What they contribute to mathematics is that they developed it.
What is where are they located, and why ziggurats were tall? They are large temples that are pyramid shaped.They were located at the heart of cities and were tall because they though the god the Sumerians worshiped live there.
Which ruler created the Hanging Gardens of Babylon and what are they? The ruler Nebuchadnezzar made them and they are gardens that were made on terraces near the palace.
What's the difference between polytheism and monotheism? Polytheism means worship of many gods, while monotheism means worship of one god.
What's an empire and how's it different from a city-state? An empire is a large area of land that has many territories and maybe several cities, and a city-state is a city with the land surrounding it.
What empire was known more for trade than battle? The Phoenicians
What is, who created, how many laws, where are they written, and what is the significance of the Code of Hammurabi to society? The Code of Hammurabi is a set of 282 laws made by Hammurabi and they were written where all the people could see. The significance of these laws to society is to make the people in the empire to get along and let the government control the empire.
Why does the Sumerian social hierarchy shaped like a triangle? It is shaped like a triangle because the higher the status or importance you are the less people there will be.
Created by: shaun7