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History 101 Exam 2

Roman Empire, Muslim Beginnings

QuestionAnswer
Father of Family (Dominant Male in Roman Family) Paterfamilias
Roman Peace, Stability that Roman Rule Brought Pax Romana
Plains on Which Rome Located Latium
The defender of the Plebians were know as Tribunes
Acceptance Pieta
264-164 BC conquest of Italy, Conflict with Carthage Punic Wars
defeated the Aequi, chose Dictator in 457 BC, temporary served 15 days Cincinnatus
Natural Law, Certain Right Given to People Jus Naturale
Leader of the Carthaginians who crossed the Alps and invaded Italy was Hannibal
Coast of North Africa, founded by Phoenicians Carthage
Octavian defeated Antony and Cleopatra at the battle of Actium
Ceasar's ally and assistant in East Rome. shared empire with Octavtian, allies with Cleopatra, loses battle of Actium, commits suicide one year later Mark Anthony
Part of 1st Triumvirate command in Spain, recieves land for his veterans Pompey
Tiberius and Gaius sought out economical and social crisis in Rome, both killed unable to do anything Gracci
Ceasar refused to lay down his army and return to Rome as private citizen crossed this river, marched in Rome and defeated Pompey Rubicon
Commoners, Workers, class of Roman citizens who included non Patrician landowners, craftspeople, merchants, and small farmers in Roman Republic Plebians
Members of the aristocratic governing class in Rome were known as the Patricians
The original law of the roman people was written on the Twelve Tablets
The early peoples who had the greatest influence upon Republic Rome were know as the Etruscans
The Roman "law of the people" was called the Jus Gentium
Law of citizens, people of Rome Jus Civile
Large Roman estates were called Latifundia
Special group of soldiers to protect emperor about 9,000 men Praetorian Guard
Seriousness(values of Romans) Gravitas
The roman attribute deemed most important was called Virtu
The last emperor of Rome was called Romulus Augustus
The Roman emperor who accepted Christianity and who legalized it was Constantine
the Roman emperor who divided the empire into east and west was Diocletion
Roman poet love stories erotic poems Ovid
Poet Horace
The greatest epic poet of the Late Republic was Virgil
senator known for speeches great debator (gov, justices,theology) Cicero
Chief executive officer of the Roman Republic chosen annually led Roman army into battle Praetor
Corinthian host of St. Paul Justus
The Greek Physician whose teachings were at the bedrock of Islamic medicine was Galen
According to scriptures, the disciples pf Jesus recieved the power to allow them to go out into the world to spread Christianity at Pentecost
He took the lead in spreading Christianity throughout the roman world Paul
the large black rock that was housed in a central shrine in Mecca and worshiped by all pre-Islamic Arabs was called the Ka'aba
Marks first date on the official calendar of Islam, journey from Mecca to Medina Hegira
belived ali was successor of Muhammed Shi'a Shitte
drew up law code, provide believers with a set of prescriptions to requlate their lives Sharia
collection of the sayings of the prophet that was used to supplement the revelations contained in holy scripture Hadith
the son-in-law and cousin of Muhammed who was murdered was Ali
The holy book that was derived from the revelations of Muhammed is called the Koran
head of power family omayad/ put family into key position Othman
caliph after Abu Bakr battle of yarmuc Omar
The leader of the Muslims following the death of Muhammed was Abu Bakr
Sunni muslims leader to the last fatimid caliph Saladin
12th century poet, Arabian nights Omar Kheyyem
The first true African kingdom located south of Egypt was called the independent state of Kush
The ancient civilization that was located in the highlands of what is known today as ethiopia was Axum
As a language, it employed Bantu grammar and Arabic linguistic terms. It is called what language Swahili
Professional story tellers Bards
Independent tribesmen, later called the San, were also called Bushmen
The leader in African villages was called the Big Man
Created by: 693930821