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social studies 1

absolute location the specific address or latitude and longitude coordinates of a place
cardinal directions north, west, south, east
cartographer mapmaker
compass rose a symbol that shows directions on a map
coordinates the letter and number that identify a grid square, the latitude and longitude of a place
degrees the units of latitude and longitude lines
distortion the changes in a sphere that are shown on a flat surface such as a map
Equator the imaginary line around the middle of earth that divides earth into north and south hemispheres
geography the study of earth and the ways people use earth
globe a model of earth shaped like a sphere or ball
grid a pattern of lines that cross each other to form squares
hemisphere half of a sphere half of earth are eastern western northern and southern
inset map a small map within a larger map
interchange a junction on a major highway with special connecting ramps to allow vehicles to change roads without interrupting the flow of traffic
intermediate directions northeast southeast northwest southwest
international date line imaginary line at about 180 degrees longitude where the day changes
junction a place where two highways cross or meet
kilometers a unit of length used in measuring distance in the metric system
legend a map key
longitude meridian
lattitude paraellel
millenium 1'000 years
map index the alphabetical list of places on a map with their grid coordinates
map scale the guide that shows what distances on a map equal in the real world
mercator projection a projection that shows the compass directions between places accuratley. distance and size distorted especially near poles
mileage markers small triangles and numbers on a map used to indicate distances along highways
miles a unit of length used to measuring distance
north pole the farthest point to north on earth
polar projection a projection that is centered on one of the poles and shows the oceans and continents around the pole
long range effect happens over time
immediate effect happens right away
ad anno domino
prime meridian the line of longitude from the north pole to the south pole and marked 0 degrees
projection a way of showing earths curved surface on a flat map
relative location describing a location by what it is near or what is around it
robinson projection the flat projection that most closely resembles a globe it shows less distortion than other projections do
south pole farthest point on earth to the south
standard time zones earth is divided into 24 time zones each time zone has a clock time one hour earlier than the zone to its east
primary source first hand info
secondary source second hand info
1 year 365 days
Created by: edenh