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test #2

QuestionAnswer
The Declaration of Independence was primarily a list of grievances against the king.
Stamp Act an act introduced by the British prime minister George Grenville and passed by the British Parliament in 1765 as a means of raising money in the American colonies
No Taxation Without Representation Mansfield’s argument was directed against the colonial position of no taxation without representation
The Boston Tea Party an incident on December 16, 1773, when a group of citizens in Boston, Massachusetts, dumped tea into Boston Harbor.
The Articles of Confederation were the first constitution of the United States.
The Constitution is a system of fundamental laws of the United States of America
The Bill of Rights is the first ten amendments to the Constitution of the United States.
The French Revolution is a major transformation of the society and political system of France, lasting from 1789 to 1799.
The Old Regime is the political and social system that existed in France before 1789
Bourgeoisie is the free residents of European towns during the Middle Ages.
The Estates General representative body in France before 1789.
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen is a revolutionary manifesto adopted on August 26, 1789, by the National Assembly of France and attached as the preamble to the new constitution of 1791.
Louis XVI king of France (1774-1792), who lost his throne in the French Revolution and was later beheaded by the revolutionary regime.
Marie Antoinette queen consort of Louis XVI of France from 1774 to 1792; her unpopularity helped discredit the monarchy in the period before the French Revolution
Estates- General of 1789 the Estates-General was a French legislative body comprising members of the three groups, or estates, of French society: nobility, clergy, and commoners.
Tennis Court Oath Regrouping at a nearby indoor tennis court on June 20, they swore not to disband until France had a constitution.
Fall of the Bastille On July 14, 1789 an angry mob, tired of the oppressive brutality of the French monarchy, captured the Bastille, a prison in Paris
National Assembly was a transitional body between the Estates-General and the National Constituent Assembly
Maximilian Robespierre French lawyer and political leader, who became one of the most influential figures of the French Revolution and the principal exponent of the Reign of Terror
George Jacques Danton French lawyer, radical but pragmatic leader of the French Revolution, whose willingness to compromise was rejected by rival factions.
Battle of Valmy battle fought on September 20, 1792, at the village of Valmy, near the town of Sainte-Menehould in northeastern France.
Guillotine decapitating machine, named after a French physician, Joseph Ignace Guillotin, who proposed its use in 1789
The Reign of Terror In this general crisis, revolutionary leaders began to turn on each other. The Girondins, who favored federalism, fought a battle to the death with the Jacobins
Jean Paul Marat radical French revolutionary journalist and politician.
Committee of Public Safety executive body in France, created by the National Convention in 1793, during the French Revolution
Created by: brewale14
 

 



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