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Chpt 13 Endocrine Sy

Medical Terminology Sys.: A Body Sys. App. 6th Ed.

antagonistic acting in opposition; mutually opposing
electrolyes mineral salts(Na+,K+,Ca2+) that carry an electrical charge in solution
glucagon hormone produced by pancreatic alpha cells that increases the blood glucose level by stimulating the liver to changed stored glycogen (a starch form of sugar) to glucose [glucagon opposes insulin; reverse hypoglycemic reactions in insulin shock]
glucose simple sugar that is the end product of carbohydrate digestion
homeostatis relative constancy or balance in the internal environment of the body, maintained by processes of feedback and adjustment in response to external or internal changes
hormones chemical substances produced by specialized cells of the body that are released slowly in minute amounts directly into the bloodstream
insulin hormone produced by pancreatic beta cells that acts to remove sugar (glucose) from the blood by promoting its storage in tissues as carbohydrates (glycogen)
sympathomimetic agent that mimics the effects of the sympathetic nervous system; epinephrine and norepinephrine are sympathomimetic hormones because they produce effects that mimic those brought about by the sympathetic nervous system
target structure, organ, or tissue to which something is directed
ACTH the hormone andrenocorticotropic hormone from adenohypophysis AP acts upon the adrenal cortex, promotes secretions of some hormones by adrenal cortex, cortisol specifically [HYPER~CUSHING DISEASE]
FSH the hormone follicle-stimulating hormone from adenohypophysis AP acts upon: ovaries to stim. egg prod, increases secretion of estrogen; & testes to stim. sperm prod [HYPO~FAILURE of SEXUAL MATURATION]
GH the hormone somatotropin, growth hormone, from adenohypophysis AP acts upon bone, cartilage, liver, muscle, and other tissues-stimulates somatic growth; increases use of fats for energy [HYPO~PITUITARY DWARFISM] [HYPER~GIGANTISM & ACROMEGALY]
LH the hormone luteinizing hormone from adenohypophysis AP acts upon: ovaries-promotes ovulation; stim. prod. of estrogen & progesterone; testes-promotes secretion of testosterone [HYPO~FAILURE OF SEXUAL MATURATION]
Prolactin hormone from adenohypophysis AP acts upon breast-in conj w/ other hormones to promote lactation [HYPER~GALACTORRHEA]
TSH the hormone thyroid-stimulating hormone from adenohypophysis AP acts upon: thyroid gland-stim. secretion of thyroid hormone [HYPO~CRETINISM & MYXEDEMA] [HYPER~GRAVES as indicated by exophthalmos]
Created by: 100001194417609



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