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PoliSci Unit One

Politics The making of a common decision for a group of people
Law Universal norm set by the governemtn
Norm Social rule
Authority The legal right to use power
Legitimacy acceptance of authority
Technology Tools
Systems Break A change in MoP that transforms society
QoL Quality of Life
Feudalism Political and economical system based on bio-determinist theory
Organic Theory State is a natural part of human existence
Persuasion Getting someone to think they want what you want; goal satisfying
Coercion Forcing someone to do what you want; goal threatening.
Construction of Incentives making one's option seem like the only logical option by making all others look bad; an offer that can't be refused.
Aristotle Ancient Greek philosopher who believed in the highest form of government and the Good and the Bad.
Henry VIII Catholic ruler who converted to Protestantism
Industry use of mechanical energies to mass produce goods.
Global Corporation transnational corporation; has no primary market.
Negative-Sum Game everyone loses.
Zero-Sum Game one wins and one loses.
Positive-Sum Game cooperation; everyone wins.
Behavioralism empirical approach to politics (scientific)
Mercantilism economy based on trade
Regime elite who control the government.
Temporality understanding of time
UN HDI United Nations Human Development Index
Executive enforce laws
Legislative makes laws
Judicial interprets laws
Conflict competition between opposing goals
The Good the natural purpose of the state
Goal Stay alive and improve QoL
Competition zero or negative sum game
Paradigm the dominant viewpoint of an institution
Government group of people who control the state
Oligarchy a few people making decisions for the state; a perversion of the natural state.
TNGI Transnational Governing Institution
Tautology absolute fact
Justice fairness
Free Will model of human rationality
Reformation change in religion in response to rising secularism and Renaissance
Scarcity not having enough of something
Polis community
Eugenics Bio-determinist belief that the genetically superior should rule.
Post-Nationalism World government and economics
Dependency countries relied on one another once trade began
Secularism not religion; dealing with this world and no other.
A priori knowledge prior to experience
A posteriori knowledge after experience
Autarky self-sufficient economics unit that does not require imports or exports
Cooperation working together for a common goal
Fact something about the world that is widely believed to be true
Model simplified representation of something in the world
Perversion not natural for the state; bad; looks out for their (the rulers) own good
Surplus extra amounts
DoW Distribution of Wealth
MoP Mode of Production
Nation-State a combination of nation and state that utilizes nationalism
Normative value based inquiry
BF Skinner psychologist that studied operant conditioning
DoL Distribution of Labor
Manifest Power observable action by one that led to another person doing what they wanted.
MNC Multinational Corporation; does business in many countries, but mostly in one nation
Nationalism passionate identification with a nation
Opportunity Cost What has to be given up in order to satisfy a goal
Tabula Rasa blank slate
Civic Culture Study Anglo-American culture is superior to fascism; fascism promotes war.
Aristocracy a few people ruling for the good of the state
Luna's Maxim people making decisions to benefit people like themselves.
Empirical sense based inquiry
Economics changing material into things needed to survive
Institution norm creating and enforcing structure
Famine politically induced death
Conditioning purposeful change in behavior reinforced by positive or negative results
Rational goal-oriented
Society a group of people working together for a common goal
Implicit Power one does what another wants because A) they sense one wants something done or B) for some reason, they want to do what the other wants done.
Structural-Funtionalism (Institutional Analysis) looking at how the different parts of government work
National Corporation a corporation that only works within the country of its origin
Logical Contradiction two people want different things, but for one to get what they want, the other loses.
Social Darwinism political theory that says that those who are best fit will survive the longest
Cultural Relativism individuals can be understood by their culture
Aristotilean Bias people are richer because they are smarter
Gun Powder Revolution led to creation of National Armies and Patriotism, Scientific Revolution
Epistemology the study of knowledge
Comparative Politics comparing different types of government
Created by: fsmasi