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Animation&Pioneers

Film Studies

QuestionAnswer
What is Animation? the process of photography drawings, puppets, or inanimate objects frame by frame through STOP MOTION PHOTOGRAPHY, with each frame recording very small, progressive change in subject.
3 types of Animation: Cel Animation (drawings) ; Puppet Animation (Sometimes called Claymation) ; Computer Animation (2D drawings or 3D objects themselves
What film was considered the basis or future film cartoon? Gertie The Dinosaur (1914)
What was the first sound cartoon? Steamboat Willie (1928) features Mickey Mouse
What was the first full length cartoon? Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937)
What was a significant stop motion animation with puppets? King Kong (1933) Also Earth vs. the Flying Saucers (1956)
What was a film that was a Computer Animation that was a blending of animation and live characters? Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988)
What are some examples of golden age animation features in the 1990's? Beauty and the Beast (1991) Aladdin (1992) The Lion King (1994)
What was the first film in which 100% of the images were computer generated? Toy Story (1995)
What are some films that have computer generated scenes? Jurassic Park (1993) Star Wars Episode 1: The Phantom Menace (1999) Avatar (2009)
THE FIRST MOVIES: Thomas A. Edison (1847- 1931) credited for inventing the first movie camera; developed the Projection System called the Kinetoscope; his films were don ein Theatrical tradition
What was the Projection System (Kinetoscope) ?? large, boxlike peep show machine which ran a continuous loop of film about one minute long and was viewed individually through a magnified lens.
BEGINNING OF NARRATIVE FILMS: George Melies ( 1861-1938 France) For film 1902 (A Trip to the Moon- first narative film) used a lot of camera tricks and mastered superimposition and double exposure and dissolves; was a painter, he did perspective scenery for films; remained to theatrical tradition (camera stationary)
CINEMA BECOMES AN ART FORM: D.W. Griffith (1875-1948) considered first modern director; developed new narrative technique specifically for film whose model wasn't stage; Made cuts within scenes, showing different views same scene; alternated distance of shots- long, medium, close up
THE FIRST MOVIE STAR: Charlie Chaplin (1889-1977) developed his most famous character "The Tramp" who was a little homeless guy who always bounced back from adversity and who stood up heroically/pathetically against the rich; The Tramp (1915), The Gold Rush (1925), City Lights (1931), Modern Times (1936)
Created by: bubblythinking
 

 



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