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Govt Test Oct2011

QuestionAnswer
bicameral legislature with two chambers
Concurrent Powers powers that are shared by both the federal and state governments
Cooperative Federalism the federal system under which the national and state governments share responsibilities for most domestic policy areas
Devolution the transfer of powers and responsibilities from the federal government to the states
Dual Federalism the federal system under which the national and state governments are responsible for separate policy areas
Judicial Review power of the Supreme Court to rule on the constitutionality of laws
Legislative Supremacy an alternative to judicial review, the acceptance of legislative acts as the final law of the land
McCulloch v Maryland (1819) confirming the supremacy of national over state government
Necessary and Proper Clause constitutional authorization for Congress to make any law required to carry out its powers
Parliamentary System government in which the executive is chosen by the legislature from among its members and the two branches are merged
Recall Elections votes to remove elected officials from office
Referendum An Election in which a bill passed by the state legislature is submitted to voters for approval
Republic A government in which elected representatives make the decisions
Supremacy Clause constitutional declaration (Article VI) that the Constitution and laws made under its provisions are the greatest law of the land
Gibbons v. Ogden.Supreme (1824) establishing national authority over interstate business
Created by: missjean