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BOARDSpathology

Cardiovascular Disorders

nameInfo
Monckeberg Arteriosclerosis calcification of tunica media, medium sized, muscular arteries
Obliterans Arteriosclerosis proliferation intima, small vessels, complete obliteration of artery lumen
Peripheral Arteriosclerosis arteriosclerosis of extremites
Arteriosclerosis arterial wall becomes thick & loses elasticity
Atherosclerosis form of arteriosclerosis - patchy thickening of subintimal wall
Buerger's Male, smoker
Marfan's Dissecting aneurysm common
Prinzmetal angina at rest
Cor pulmonale right sided heart failure
Dissecting Aneurysm longitudinal cleavage of the arterial media by a column of blood
Dissecting Aneurysm tearing pain, acute onset
Berry Aneurysms Subarachnoid & intracerebral hemorrhage, hereditary, 40% ant. comm. art. (Circle of Willis)
Abdominal Aortic aneurysm can be asymptomatic, lumbar vertebrae pressure
Wolf's law change in anterior body from aneurysm
Patent Ductus Arteriosus congenital failure of closure between the pulmonary artery & aorta (up to 80% premature)
Cor Pulmonale can include emphysema & chronic bronchitis
Tetralogy of Fallot Dextrorotation of the aorta, Right ventricular hypertrophy, Intraventricular septal defect, Pulmonary artery stenosis
Rheumatic Fever Mitral & Aortic valves affected
Raynaud's Disease vasospastic disorder of small arteries (especially hands)
Microcytic Hypochromic Iron deficiency, Chronic hemmorrhage
Macrocytic normochromic Pernicious, Folate
Guiac Test hidden blood
portal hypertension esophageal varices
Helocobacter pylori ulceration in stomach
No Meissner's & Auerbach's Hirschsprung's
Air emboli deep sea diving
paradoxical embolism blockage of systemic artery by a thrombus originating in a systemic vein that has passed through a defect in the interatrial or interventricular septum
Miliary embolism affecting many small blood vessels
Stable angina pain with activity, emotional excitment or other increased cardiac work
Unstable angina close to MI, increased frequency, prolonged duration
Transmural infarction full of nearly full thickness of the ventricular wall
Subendocardial infarction inner 1/3 or at most 1/2 ventricular wall
Risk Factors for arteriosclerosis hypertension, inc. serum levels, smoking, DM, obesity & male
Created by: missyh23