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Esperanto Prefixes

Esperanto Prefixes - Flashcards on the international language of Esperanto

PrefixEnglishExamples
dis- having to do with seperation, in all possible directions sendi = to send, dissendi = to broadcast; semi = to sow (seeds), dissemi = to scatter
ek- the beginning of the action described by the root iri = to go, ekiri = to set out; vidi = to see, ekvidi = to catch sight of
for- away iri = to go, foriri = to depart / leave; lasi = to leave, forlasi = to abandon
mis- wrongly, incorrectly, off the mark kompreni = to understand, miskompreni = to misunderstand; jxeti = to throw, misjxeti = to throw wide of the mark
re- back to the beginning again veni = to come, reveni = to return; vidi = to see, revidi = to see again; venki = to conquer, revenki = to reconquer
retro- in the opposite direction iri = to go, retroiri = to go in the opposite direction; pasxi = to step, retropasxi = to step back
cxef- greatest or most important urbo = city, cxefurbo = capitol; ministro = minister, cxefministro = Prime Minister
vir- male equivalent of (-in) kato = cat, virkato = tomcat; blato = cockroach , virblato = buck cockroach
cis- on this side of luno = moon, cisluna = cislunar, between the earth and moon; limo = border, cislima = on this side of the border
bo- related through marrige patro = father, bopatro = father-in-law; kuzo = cousin, bokuzo = cousin-in-law
eks- former regxo = king, eksregxo = former (abdicated) king; sovetio = Soviet Union, ekssovetio = former USSR
ge- both sexes taken together patro = father, gepatroj = parents; sinjoro = Mr., gesinjoroj = Mr.& Mrs.
mal- turns a word into it's opposite bela = beautiful, malbela = ugly; amiko = friend, malamiko = enemy
pra- distant in time or relationship arbaro = forest, praarbaro = primeval forest; nepo = grandson, pranepo = great grandson
pseuxdo- false scienco = science, pseuxdoscienco = pseudoscience; nomo = name, pseduxdonomo = pseudonym
duon- half frato = brother, duonfrato = half-brother
fi- expressing indignation of disgust virino = woman, fivirino = slut
fusx- screwed up verki = to write, fusxverki = to make it come out all wrong
ne- creates the negative bona = good, nebona = un/not good, malbona = bad
vic- second in rank, acting as regent for regxo = king, vicregxo = viceroy; prezidento = president, vicrezidento = vice-president
Created by: yellowclay