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CH 20 Immigration

8th Grade US History - NY

Assimilation The process of becoming part of another culture; immigrant children often found it easier to adapt to a new culture and customs than did adult immigrants
Chinese Exclusion Act Prohibited the immigration of Chinese workers from 1882-1902
Ethnic group** A group of people who share a common culture; often associated with groups of immigrants living together in the same sections of a city
Immigration Act of 1917 Restricted immigration by requiring immigrants to be able to read and write a language
Nativism The belief that immigrants are the cause of problems in society
Pull factors** The conditions that attract people to leave their homeland to settle in a new country, for example for freedom of speech or better jobs
Push factors** The conditions that push people to leave their homelands to permanently settle in a new country; for example, famine or religious persecution
Realism Literature, art, and theater that shows things as they really are
Regionalism In art or literature, the practice of focusing on a particular region of the country
Settlement house Provided community services such as medical care, childcare, libraries, and classes in English
Suburbs** The area between the city and the country which grew rapidly in the 1950’s with families of the baby boomers buying houses; car & highways became more important; suburbs also grew in the late 1800s and were made up of mostly middle class
Tenement a run-down building, usually located in the slums, where poor families lived, often with the entire family living in one room
The Gilded Age Term for the late 1800s, taking its meaning from something that is coated with a thin layer of gold; this refers to the extravagant wealth of the late 1800s and the terrible poverty that lay underneath
Why did cities grow in the late 1800s? ** Cities grew in the late 1800s because of industrialization (more and bigger factories) and the flood if immigrants who took up residence; people came looking for jobs
Skyscrapers** Tall buildings that were built due to the lack of space in downtown city areas
Melting Pot** The belief that the US should accept immigrants and the immigrants should assimilate or adopt the American culture and customs instead of their own cultures and customs
Multiculturalism** The belief that the US has a variety of cultures; each is unique and welcomed
Ghetto** A section of a city in which members of a minority group lived because of social or economic pressures – often contained rundown housing
Old Immigration** Immigrants from Northwest Europe arriving in the EARLY 1800s
New Immigration** Immigrants from Southern and Eastern European countries and Asia arriving in the LATE 1800s
Emigrate To exit or leave a country
Immigrate To come into a country
Created by: jschrage