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OC Mrs. Robert CH 2

QuestionAnswer
First permanent English settlement in America Jamestown
Three reasons the population of Jamestown plummeted during the "starving time" famine, disease, harch winter weather
Group who helped the Jamestown colonists survive Powhatan Confederacy
Ways the Powhatan helped the Jamestown colonists Brought them food and taught them how to grow crops like corn
An important member of the Powhatan who helped foster peace between the Indians and Jamestown colonists Pocahontas
Early strong leader of Jamestown John Smith
Domesticated tobacco for economic prosperity (also married Pocahontas) John Rolfe
Joint-stock company that funded Jamestown settlement London Company
System that rewarded settlers who paid their way to the colonies with 50 acres of land, and 50 more for each additional person brought to the colony Headright System
Two reasons for English settlement in America economic gain (trade) and religious freedom
This colony was founded as a refuge for English Catholics Maryland
This person founded Maryland and was responsible for the Toleration Act of 1649 Lord Baltimore II
The Maryland Toleration Act granted religious freedom to these people All Christians in Maryland (with the hope of protecting Catholics)
The significance of the Toleration Act of 1649 Symbolized the American value of protecting individual freedoms
The reason Virginia colonists decided to use slave labor There were not enough indentured servants to work the land
Large plantations and some small farms were found in this group of colonies Southern colonies
These were laws designed to keep slaves under control Slave codes
This was the reason cash crops were grown To make money
Three main cash crops of the southern colonies Tobacco, rice, indigo
These people were also called Separatists, and left England to find religious freedom in the colonies Pilgrims
This document was an early attempt at self-government in the English colonies Mayflower Compact
This man is sometimes called "the father of American democracy" Thomas Hooker
This person angered Puritan church leaders and posed a threat to their authority by discussing her religious views in the community Anne Hutchinson
This was the main reason New England colonists wanted their children to learn to read So they could read the Bible
Of the three groups of colonies, people in this group were the most literate (could read and write) New England colonies
The economy of the New England colonies was based largely on this manufacturing
Shipbuilding was an important part of the New England economy because there was an abundance of this Forests that provided wood to meet the demand for merchant and slave ships
Of the southern or New England colonies, this group had better conditions for farming Southern colonies
This group of colonies was known for its diversity, religious toleration and generous land grants Middle colonies
This was the type of crops grown in the middle colonies Staple crops
These are examples of staple crops Wheat, oats, barley
This group made up the majority of laborers in the middle colonies Indentured servants
This was the main objective (goal) of the English Bill of Rights To limit the power of the English king (monarch)
This was the significance of the English Bill of Rights It influenced the writers of the U.S. Constitution
This was the practice of European countries (such as England) carefully controlling trade in their colonies Mercantilism
This is what colonial traders did to avoid paying taxes on their products Started smuggling illegal products and trading with the West Indies
This was a religious movement that united the colonists and had effects on colonial religion, society, and politics The Great Awakening
This country fought the British in the French and Indian War France
This country gained Canada and all lands east of the Mississippi at the end of the French and Indian War England
This was the reason Parliament began to tax the colonies after the French and Indian War England was in debt and was looking for ways to raise money
This is a method the colonists used to protest taxes in which they stopped buying British products Boycott
This was the protest cry of the colonists who were angry about taxes "No Taxation without Representation!"
This Act was the first time the colonists were taxed directly on products they used Stamp Act
This event was started by a argument between a British soldier and colonist, in which the soldier ended up hitting the colonist Boston Massacre
This event was significant because it showed how unhappy colonists were with British laws Boston Tea Party
Because tensions were getting so high with angry colonists, Parliament decided to repeal (end) almost all of these acts Townshend Acts
These are some examples of products taxed under the Townshend Acts Glass, paint, lead, paper, tea
This is the name colonists used to describe the Coersive Acts "Intolerable Acts"
These are three effects of the Coersive Acts on Massachusetts The Boston Harbor was closed; its charter was cancelled; the governor was replaced and had to approve when the legislature could meet
This movement of the 1700s spread the idea that reason and logic could be used to improve society The Enlightenment
This secret society often terrorized tax collectors, using methods such as tarring and feathering Sons of Liberty
This man was an important colonial figure who believed Parliament should not tax the colonists without their permission Samuel Adams
Created by: erobert