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Southwest Asia/Islam

Environment, Trade, Mecca's importance, Muhammed's life, 5 pillars of Islam

Oasis A patch of water and vegetation caused by a geological fault.
Mountains A landform with a height of over 2500 feet.
Desert An arid, sandy wasteland that gets very little water.
Coastal Plain A fertile part of land that is near the coast and ends in cliffs.
How do people adapt to live in the Oases? People build sedentary houses, grow fruit, and even turn Oases into towns.
How do people adapt to living in the mountains? People live and farm on the sides of mountains. They also build irrigation systems.
How do people adapt to living in the desert? People who live in the desert must be nomadic.
How do people adapt to living in the coastal plains? People who live on the coastal plains farm and dig deep wells.
What was a major trade route center in southwest Asia? Baghdad
Where was a major seaport? Aden
How did goods travel across the eastern world? Caravans, in which the main animal of burden were camels.
How far does the silk road go? All the way to Beijing, China.
Why is Mecca an important religious center? Because it is the home of the Ka'aba
What is the Ka'aba? A very important Muslim shrine.
Before Islam, type of worship was the Ka'aba used for? Both monotheism and polytheism.
What was Muhammed like in his early life? He was born into a powerful Meccan family, but was orphaned and had to work in the caravan trade with his uncle. Eventually, he married Khadijah, a businesswoman, and had several children.
How was Islam started? While praying in a cave, Muhammed later taught, the angel Gabriel told him that he was the messenger of God. His encounters with Allah, his sermons and his teachers were written down in the Qur'an.
What did the Meccans think of Islam? The Meccans didn't believe Muhammed, so they forced him and his followers, the Muslims, out of Mecca. So they went to Yathrib, which they renamed Medina. Muhammed gained a lot of support there.
How did Mecca become Muslim? The Quaraysh tribe fought against Muhammed and his followers. There were many ties until a peace treaty was made that allowed muslims to make a pilgrimage. Once the treaty was broken, the Muslims overtook Mecca, and Muhammed dedicated the Ka'aba to Allah.
Shahada Faith (Muslims recite, "There is no God but Allah, and Muhammed is his messenger")
Salat Daily worship (Muslims pray five times a day, at dawn, noon, midday, sunset, and nightfall)
Zakat Charity (Muslims must give 2.5% of their income to charity)
Siyam Fasting (during the month of Ramadan, Muslims fast during daylight hours to show their dependence on Allah for strength, not food)
The Hajj pilgrimage (All Muslims who can do so are expected to make a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca)
Created by: tlavery2017