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8th Grade Chp. 8-10

QuestionAnswer
Who presided over the Constitutional Convention? George Washington
What precedents did George Washington set? presidential cabinet, selection of Supreme Court justices, neutrality in foreign wars, two term limit for presidency
Who was the General of the Continental Army and led the colonies to victory over Britain? George Washington
Who was the 1st president? George Washington
Who was a major contributor of many principles in the Constitution? John Adams
Who was the 2nd president? John Adams
Who helped write the Declaration of Independence and became the leading voice for independence? John Adams
Who was the main author of the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson
Who was the 3rd president? Thomas Jefferson
What event happened during the 3rd president's term? Lousiana Purchase from France
Who took detailed notes during the Constitutional Convention? James Madison
Who is regarded as the Father of the Constitution? James Madison
Who was the 4th president? James Madison
What event happened during the 4th president's term? War of 1812 with Britain
Who was a scientist and Enlightenment thinker who helped draft the Declaration of Independence? Benjamin Franklin
Who became an ambassador to France? Benjamin Franklin
Who was the eldest statesman to sign the Constitution? Benjamin Franklin
Who was never a president, but was the only one to be directly involved in creating the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution? Benjamin Franklin
What power did Congress not have? the power to collect taxes from all states
What were revolutionary soldiers angry about? not being paid
Why did someone lead 300 Massachusetts farmers to the Pennsylvania State House? they demanded debt relief
Who led 300 Massachusetts farmers to the Pennsylvania State House? Daniel Shay
What did Shay's Rebellion reveal? the country needed a stronger central government
When did the skirmish end? State militias defeated Shay's rebels
When did the first political parties form? during Washington's presidency
What did Federalists believe? a strong national government
How strict were the Federalists about the construction of the Constitution? not strict
How did Federalists feel about the National Bank? favored
What did the Federalists want to base the economy on? trade
What did Anti-Federalists believe? States' rights and individual rights
What guaranteed individual rights? Bill of Rights
How strict were the Anti-Federalists about the construction of the Constitution? very
How did Anti-Federalists feel about the National Bank? opposed
What did the Anti-Federalists want to base the economy on? agriculture
What is federalism share of power between individual states and national government
Who has enumerated/delegated powers? national government
Who has reserved powers? state governments
Who has concurrent powers? national government and state governments
What is popular soverignty? government is run by the people for the people
What is the Separation of Powers? division of basic government roles into branches (Article 1, 2, 3)
What are checks and balances? ability of each branch of government to exercise control over the other branches
What is a limited government? everyone must obey the law
How is the Constitution flexible? the amendment process
What is a flexible document? a "living document" that can be changed or amended
What is the job of the Legislative branch? make laws
What is the job of the Executive branch? enforce laws
What is the job of the Judicial branch? interpret laws
Created by: sshen8