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Goniometry axis poin

QuestionAnswer
shoulder flexion axis at center of humeral head. when flexed, axis pt moves upward & backward to posterior surface of shoulder
shoulder extension axis at center of humeral head start & finish. watch for excessive scapular motion
shoulder aBduction axis on acromion process on posterior surface of shoulder
shoulder internal rotation, aBducted axis on olecranon process, stationery & moveable arm parallel to forearm
shoulder internal rotation, ADducted axis on olecranon process, stationery & moveable arm parallel to forearm (under elbow)
shoulder external rotation, aBducted axis on olecranon process, stationery & moveable arm parallel to forearm
shoulder external rotation, ADducted axis on olecranon process, stationery & moveable arm parallel to forearm (under elbow)
shoulder horizontal aBduction axis over acromion process. stationary bar parallel over shoulder toward neck, movable bar parallel to humerus on superior aspect
shoulder horizontal aDduction axis over acromion process, stationary bar parallel over shoulder toward neck, movable bar parallel to humerus on superior aspect
elbow extension axis over lateral epicondyle of humerus at end of elbow crease, after movement, reposition goniometer so it is over, although it will not be directly on lateral epicondyle
forearm supination axis at ulnar border of volar aspect of wrist, just proximal to ulna styloid. after movement reposition so movable bar rests squarely across center of distal forearm
forearm pronation axis at ulnar border of dorsal aspect of wrist, just proximal to ulnar styloid. after movement reposition so movable bar rests squarely across center of dorsum of distal forearm
wrist flexion seat client with forearm in midposition and hand and forearm resting on table on ulnar border. Axis on lateral aspect of wrist just distal to radial styloid in snuffbox. S bar P to radius, M bar P to MCP of index finger
wrist extension same as wrist flexion except fingers should be flexed to allow for more ROM
wrist ulnar deviation palm resting on surface. axis on dorsum of wrist at base of 3rd MCP, over capitate bone. M bar parallel to 3rd MCP, S bar over midline of dorsal forearm
wrist radial deviation same as wrist ulnar deviation
finger MCP flexion axis centered on dorsal aspect of MCP joint. S bar on top of MCP, M bar on top of proximal phalanx
finger MCP hyperextension axis over lateral aspect of MP joint of index finger, S bar parallel to MCP, M bar parallel to proximal phalanx. Measure little finger MP joint same way. ROM of long & ring fingers estimate by comparison
finger PIP flexion axis centered on dorsal surface of proximal PIP joint being measured. S bar over proximal phalanx, M bar over middle phalanx
finger DIP flexion axis on dorsal surface of DIP joint. S bar over middle phalanx, M bar over distal phalanx
thumb MCP flexion axis on dorsal surface of MP joint. S bar over thumb MCP, M bar over proximal phalanx
thumb IP flexion axis on dorsal surface of thumb IP joint. S bar over proximal phalanx, M bar over distal phalanx
thumb radial abduction hand palm down on flat surface. axis over CMC joint at base of thumb MCP. S bar P to radius, M bar P to thumb MCP.
thumb palmar abduction hand resting on ulnar border, wrist in neutral. thumb rotated so at right angles to palm of hand. axis at junction of thumb and index finger MCP. S bar & M bar lined up together, parallel to thumb & index finger MCPs
Created by: sherryama