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government vocabu

week 1,2,3

authoritarian those in power hold absolute and unchangeable authority over all the people: all dictatorships are authoritarian
monarchy in which a sovereign ruler such as a king or queen heads the country
oligarchy in which small, usually self appointed elite holds the power to rule
confederation a organization in which all sovereign states combine for a specific purpose such as defense
anarchy the absence of government: lawlessness: in some cases political order
dictatorship the leader has absolute power and authority
democracy the supreme authority rests with the people
parliamentary gives governmental authority to a legislature or parliament which in turn selects the executive from among its own powers
presidential the executive and legislative branches is separate, independent and coequal
federal powers are divided between the central government and several local governments
john locke english philosopher
social contract theory believes a nation exits due to the will of people and that the power stays with the people
precedent a previous court decision which is recognized as law and used for deciding future court decisions
Initiative a process in some states that allows citizens to propose and enact laws
referendum the practice of submitting to popular vote a measure passed by a legislative body
recall the method of removing elected officials from office before their terms ends
Created by: livylouise