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Western Civ II.
scientific revolution & enlightenment
|Compare the political views and the opinions on human understanding of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes. How do their views differ on the two subjects?||John Locke believed everyone was born equal. Only gained knowledge through experience. Thomas Hobbes believed that every human being needed a master. Compared humans to animals.|
|The Enlightenment||riod; art, philosophy, science, politics, and literature flourished and created a new way of thinking. For the first time people started becoming independent in thought, and moving away from the strong influence of the Church.|
|Immanuel Kant defines enlightenment as "man's release from his self-incurred tutelage." Explain what Kant meant by this.||He means that the enlightenment is a time to stop relying on others to think for you, and to start deciding, and thinking for yourself. Independence in thought, discover knowledge and truth for ourselves.|
|Briefly describe the Scientific Revolution and use two examples from our study||The Scientific Revolution-era during which new ideas and knowledge in physics, astronomy, biology, medicine and chemistry transformed ancient views of nature and laid the foundations for modern science.The telescope; the stars in sky- Copernicus|