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Chapter 1 Review

Review of Chapter 1

QuestionAnswer
The Scientific Revolution new ideas and knowledge in physics, astronomy, biology, medicine and chemistry transformed medieval and ancient views of nature and laid the foundations for modern science
Nicolas Copernicus Nicolas Copernicus was a Renaissance astronomer and the first person to formulate a comprehensive heliocentric cosmology which displaced the Earth from the center of the universe.
William Harvey William Harvey was the first person to describe completely and in detail the systemic circulation and properties of blood being pumped to the body by the heart.
Galileo Galileo was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer and philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific Revolution.His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations.
Johannes Kepler Johannes Kepler was a German mathematician, astronomer and astrologer; best known for his 3 laws of planetary motion
Sir Francis Bacon Francis Bacon was an English philosopher, statesman, lawyer, jurist, author and pioneer of the scientific method. Bacon created the Baconian method which later became known as the scientific method.
Rene Descartes Rene Descartes was a French philosopher and writer. He has been dubbed the 'Father of Modern Philosophy'. His writtings are studied closely to this day.
Sir Isaac Newton Sir Isaac Newton was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist, and theologian.Newton came up with universal gravitation and the laws of motion.
John Locke His work had a great impact upon the development of epistemology and political philosophy.
Thomas Hobbes Was an English philosopher, best known today for his work on political philosophy; was a champion of absolutism for the sovereign but he also developed some of the fundamentals of European liberal thought
Philopsophes Philosophers, One who studies general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. the intellectuals of the 18th century.
Progress to move forward. The Vindication of the Rights of Women Published in 1792, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman was the first great feminist
Deism a natural religion; Deists believe in the existence of God without any reliance on revealed religion or religious authority or holy text
Tolerance allowing things to happen.
Jean Jacques Rousseau was a major Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of 18th-century Romanticism. His political philosophy heavily influenced the French Revolution, as well as the overall development of modern political, sociological and educational thought.
Mary Wollstonecraft an eighteenth-century British writer, philosopher, and advocate of women's rights
The Vindication of the Rights of Woman The Vindication of the Rights of Women Published in 1792, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman was the first great feminist
The Social Contract The Social Contract was a progressive work that helped inspire political reforms or revolutions. The Social Contract argued against the idea that monarchs were divinely empowered to legislate.
The General Will made famous by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, is a concept in political philosophy referring to the desire or interest of a people as a whole. As used by Rousseau, the "general will" is identical to the rule of law.
The Age of Enlightenment A time were man began to reason for himself.
Created by: georbri14
 

 



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