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Gr 8 Reconstruction

Dr Hollis' Reconstruction Unit

QuestionAnswer
Ten Percent Plan Lincoln's plan for the South to have a new government with ten percent of the voters that was a Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction (December 8, 1863)
Wade-Davis Bill Measure passed by the U.S. Congress to set Reconstruction policy by Senators Wade and Davis that enacted specific safeguards of freedmen’s liberties.
Black Codes 1866 laws that guaranteed stable labor supply now that blacks were emancipated; Restored pre-emancipation system of race relations, and forced many blacks to become sharecroppers [tenant farmers].
14th Amendment All people born in the states are equal. No person can take away life, liberty, or property from anyone.
Radical Republicans What were Thaddeus Stevens in the House and Charles Sumner in the Senate called?
13th Amendment Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Freedman's Bureau 1865 Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Many former northern abolitionists risked their lives to help southern freedmen and called “carpetbaggers” by white southern Democrats.
President Andrew Johnson Said, "Damn the negroes! I am fighting these traitorous aristocrats, their masters," and was a Jacksonian Democrat, Anti-Aristocrat., and White Supremacist who agreed with Lincoln that states had never legally left the Union.
Sharecroppers Another name for "Tenant Farmers"
Military Reconstruction Act Restart Reconstruction in the 10 Southern states that refused to ratify the 14th Amendment; Divide the 10 “unreconstructed states” into 5 military districts.
Command of the Army Act The President must issue all Reconstruction orders through the commander of the military.
Tenure of Office Act The President could not remove any officials [esp. Cabinet members] without the Senate’s consent, if the position originally required Senate approval.
President Andrew Johnson Impeached him on February 24 before even drawing up the charges by a vote of 126-47!
The Senate Trial 11 week trial where President Johnson was acquitted 35 to 19 (one short of required 2/3 vote).
Election of 1872 Rumors of corruption during Grant’s first term discredit Republicans.
15th Amendment Ratified in 1870., this Amendment gave the right of citizens of the United States to vote, who shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Enforcement Acts of 1870 and 1871 “The Lost Cause, The rise of the “Bourbons," and Redeemers (prewar Democrats and Union Whigs).
Civil Rights Act of 1875 Crime for any individual to deny full & equal use of public conveyances and public places; Prohibited discrimination in jury selection, but it lacked a strong enforcement mechanism.
Freedmen's Bureau a U.S. federal government agency established in 1865 to aid freedmen (freed slaves) in the South during the Reconstruction era of the United States, which attempted to change society in the former Confederacy
Freedmen Emancipated slaves
Carpetbagger A derogatory term used by southerners to describe northerners who moved into the South during Reconstruction, and southerners resented the carpetbaggers, whom they suspected of intending to loot or exploit the defeated Confederacy.
Scalawag A derogatory term used by southerners to describe other southerners who cooperated with Union officials during Reconstruction
Created by: smcauliffe