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Chapter 1 Sociology

Glencoe Sociology & You

conventional (social) wisdom Common beliefs or ideas that most people hold true.
social structure the patterned interaction of people in social relationships
sociological imagination the ability to see the relationship between events in personal life and events in society
sociological perspective looks at groups, not the individual
sociology the scientific study of social structure.
Bourgeoisie class owning the means for producing wealth
capitalism one who owns the means for producing wealth
class conflict the ongoing struggle between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat
mechanical solidarity social dependency based on a broad consensus of values & beliefs, enforced conformity, and dependence on tradition and family
organic solidarity social interdependency based on a high degree of specialization
positivism the belief that knowledge should be derived from scientific observation
proletariat the working class
social darwinism the theory that societies evolve naturally into the fittest form
social dynamics the study of social change
social statistics the study of social stability and order
verstehen understanding social behavior by putting yourself in the place of others
anthropology study of cultures, closest to sociology
Auguste Comte French, father of sociology, positivism. distinguished between social statistics & social dynamic.
Harriet Martineau English, feminist, writer. Translated Comte's book.
Herbert Spencer English, Social Darwinism
Karl Marx German, only 2 social classes
Emile Durkheim French, first to use statistical methods & teach a university sociology course.
Max Weber German, model of bureaucracy.
Jane Addams American, social reformer
Web Dubois American, questioned race
Created by: Emilyy28