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1660 following restoration england increased control over colonies
charles II put on thrown no interest in meeting with parliament in england, little sympathy for colonial legislators, Charles brother (Duke of York) forbid colonial assembly in NY from meeting
Massachusetts resists increase of england royal control in colonies
Charles II responds to Mass resistance of royal control by 1)1679-Charles II takes chunk of land away from Mass and creates royal colony of New Hamp 2)1684-he revokes Mass Charter and makes it a royal colony
1661 Massachusetts declares freedom from all England law and decrees except being called to war
King James II takes throne in 1685 and creates dominion of New england in 1686
Army officer Sir Edmund Andros royal governor of Mass, New Hamp, Conneticut, RI, and plymouth
glorious revolution kicked King James II off throne b/c of catholic son, they wanted a protestant leader so mary and william were crowned king and queen, created limited monarchy, reestablished rep gov't ensuring protestant religious freedom
1689-engish bill of rights required king to summit parliament 1 year to sign all bills passed and to respect civil liberties
leislers rebellion jacob leisler seizes control of new york, protected it for the king and queen
1691-British naval ship approaches New york britain beleives his crew still supports james II so fires upon them, but it ended up not being true
John coode leads men called protestant associtaion and seizes control of maryland, and new king and queen name, maryland adopted anglican church as official church, seized capital, removed catholics, and requested a royal government, catholics lost right to vote
King williams war (The war of the league of augsburg) 1689-1697:against french, North america had border raids with new England and french canada, native americans caught in the fight. led to grand settlement of 1701, redefined tribes relationship w/ european settelers, first in series of european wars
mercantilism economic theory that countries power is measured by wealth and specifically gold, by minimizing foreign purchases, did this by colonies supplying raw materials
Navitgation acts britains mercantilistic policys
1st navigation act 1651- all colonial trade must be carried out on english vessels and 3/4 of crew on ships must be british, allowed england to surpass Dutch leaders in world trade, british ships=colonist ships, crew=colonists and slaves
2nd navigation act 1660-1663: prevented colonists from exporting certain goods anywhere except england (sugar, rice, tobacco), allowed england to tax crops, used profits to build up navy and protect merchant ships at sea
3rd navigation act 1672-provided administrative power to enforce earlier navigation acts
Impacts of navigation acts colonies led to economic diversication, reduced planters profit and minimized added cost, demand in england, acts created protected market in colonies for manual british goods, growth in major port cities, over 1/3 british ships owned by colonist
after glorious revoltion colonial assembly turned into colonial force
colonial force only political body controlled by colonists rather than english officials, able to force colonial governors to approve laws that crown opposed
power of the purse controlled whether government gets paid
voting requirements most colonies=property ownage, some little or some big, by age 40 majority of white male colonist vote
the enlightment intellectual movement began in europe in late 17 century to 18th century, aspect of movement was the questioning of traditional institutions and ways of thinking, confidence in human reason, some people were Sir Issac Newton and Ben Franklin
Deists beleived god created world, but after creation left natural laws to workout how things functioned, if there was a contradiction in scripture and science they would go w/ science
Great Awakening definition religious revival in europe, made way to colonies in 1730's, focused on emotional aspect of religion vs. traditional worship christianity, great awak first showed social movement across all 13 colonies and played a role in future unification, old=no help
Great Awakening: George Whitefield traveled all colonies and gave emotional sermons that convinced thousands to confess sins and join/rejoin churches, great awak first showed social movement across all 13 colonies and played a role in future unification, caused many to seek salvation
Great Awakening:Jonathan Edwards focused on gods wrath and furry towards centaurs and wanted people to repent/respect power of god, scholars believed that questioning traditional ideology imbedded in elnlightment layed ground work for resistance to england by colonists, sinners=angry god
restoration of enlgish monarchy by Charles II and James II, strengthened crown at parliaments expense, abolished local legislatures in some colonies, strengthened royal power in colonies,revolts from mass, NY and MD
royal direct control James II forbade elected assembles charles II seperated millitary from civilian authority
general court declared Mass exempt from parliament laws Charles II carved new hamp out of Mass and made it royal in 1679, declared Mass royal in 1684
dominion of New England 1686 includes Mass, New hamp, conn, RI, plymouth and later ny and nj. Sir edmound andros was governor, he limited towns to one meeting a year and enoforced religious tolerance and nav acts
charles II and james II ignored parliament and violated laws by letting chatholics holding high office and worship openly
King William dismantled dominion of new england, and arrested andros, took power in conn and RI, took imperial authority of Mass
grand settlement of 1701 5 nations made peace with french and indian allies in exchange for furs
war of spanish succession (queen anns war) english against french and spain, showed anglo-american military weekness, spanish invaded carolina, treaty of utrecht gave english novia scotia and hudson, colonists realized dependence on britain
1713 peace acheived britain, france, and spain competed economically not military
molasses act of 1733 taxed foreign molasses entering colonies and intended to serve as a tariff to protect british west indies suagar production
France economy alot of agriculture, self sufficient, export wheat to west indies and some fish and timber
french/spain religion limited immigrants to roman catholics sending french huguenots to english colonies
english life farmlands, good economy, willingness to abosrb most protestants though anticatholicism remained strong and some small jew communities
louisiana made up of popper, criminals, and german refugees and slaves. economic hardship kept steady immigration coming, lutheran and calvinists
Philly primary port of entry
middle passage africas to america
carolina and georgia rice country
stono rebellion slave uprising when slaves attacked whites and went towards florida but captured before arrived
tuscaroro war in carolina, tuscaroros prevoked whites who enslaved their people but ended up surrendering
yamasee war english abused, cheated and defeated allies
covenant chain treaties between iuquois and colonies
walking purchase delaware to PA, gave guy land as far as he could walk in day and a half
georgia a refuge for bankrupt and honest debters, no slavery, James oglethrope caused few to arrive because of strict laws
King Georges war (war of austrian succession) treaty of AIX LA CHAPELLE, brought trading port cities
zanger case guy went to court for libel against governor, encouraged political discussion and participation
great awakening: revivalists (new lights) focused on emptiness of material comforts, expelled from legislation in conneticut, have to pay taxes for former churches, peaked in new england and everywhere but VA, caused weakening of official denominations (natives, slaves, women=more power)
great awakening: rationalist clergy (old lights) focused on human improvement
new england colonies RI, new hamp, conn, mass
middle colonies new york, delaware, new jersey, pa
southern colonies va, maryland, georgia, nc, sc
conneticut founder thomas hooker
PA refuge quakers
mass bay city upon hill, main church=puritans
VA founded 1607, most land
VA and MD church anglican (church of england)
founding of georgia james oglethrope offered less land per person to control slavery
plymouth founding 1620, william bradford
rhode island founding 1647 roger williams
south carolina slavery highest percentage of slaves
Created by: marlex