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# Social Studies Ch1

What is a Compass An instrument for finding directions. A magnetic compass has a needle that always points north.
What are cardinal points and name them The 4 main points on a compass: north, south, east and west.
What are intermediate points and name them Points in between the cardinal points: northeast, northwest, southeast, and southwest.
What is a compass rose A map symbol that shows all or some directions
What is the Equator and where is it located An imaginary line that circles Earth halfway between the North Pole and South Pole. The equator is located at 0 degrees latitude.
What is the Prime Meridian and where is it located An imaginary line that cuts Earth in half from the North Pole to the South Pole. The prime meridian is located at 0 degrees longitude.
Parallels of Latitude The lines that circle Earth from west to east. The distance between parallel lines is always equal. The starting point for measuring parallels of latitude is the equator.
Maridians of Longitude The lines that run from the North Pole to the South Pole. These lines are half-circles and are not parallels becasue they are not always the same distance apart. The starting point for measuring longitude is the prime meridian.
Hemispheres Half spheres that divide Earth. The prime meridian divides Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. The equator divides Earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.
What are lines of longitude called meridians
What directions do meridians run north and south
0 degree longitude passes through what town? Greenwich, England
0 degree longitude is called prime meridian
lines of latitude are called parallels
0 degree latitude is called equator
parallels run in which direction east and west

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