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DAT ch 13

bio- animal behavior from coursesaver notes

QuestionAnswer
Simple Reflex controlled at spinal cord by a two neuron pathway (receptor => motor)
Fixed Action Pattern innate behavioral responses to specific patterns of stimulation
Releaser stimulus that elicits the behavior of a fixed action pattern
Reticular Activating System startle response; cocktail party effect
Habituation repeated stimulation results in decreased responsiveness; simplest learning pattern
Classical (Pavlovian) Conditioning association b/w normally autonomic response with an environment stimulus ‑Unconditioned stimulus (food); unconditioned response (salivation) ‑Neutral Stimulus (becomes conditioned stimulus); conditioned reflex
Operant Conditioning involves conditioning responses to stimuli with the use of reward or reinforcement; BF Skinner Positive Reinforcement
Negative Reinforcement rewarded for LACK of certain behavior; LESS likely to repeat behavior; negative connection b/w action and reward
Punishment conditioning so that an organism will stop exhibiting a given behavior; organism is LESS likely to repeat response
Extinction gradual elimination of response; “unlearning”
Imprinting environmental patterns/ objects presented to a developing organism during the “critical period” become accepted permanently as an element of their behavior; ex duckling
Critical Period time periods during early development when organism is able to develop specific behavioral patterns
Releaser Pheromones trigger a reversible behavioral change in the recipient
Primer Pheromones produce long term behavioral/ physiological alterations in recipient
Created by: xeenie