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Sports Psyc

ch 2-4

what is personality? -the characteristics or blend of characteristics that make a person unique
What makes up personality? -psychological core -typical responses -role-related bx
approaches to understanding personality -psychodynamic -trait -situational -interactional -phenomenological
measuring personality -measure both traits and states -there are general versus situation-specific measures -situation specific trait tests predict bx more accurately that do general trait measures
measuring personality -often more effective to compare perswonality test scores to a person's own previous test results that to grp norms -projective tests are interesting but difficult to score
measuring personality -integrate personality test results w/other info obtained about participant -use sport & exercise-specific tests when possible, giving them in consultation w/sport psychologist
dos in personality testing -inform partic about purpose of personality test & exactly how it will be used -allow only qualified indiv who hav understanding of testing principles and measurement error to give personality tests -use both state and trait measures of personality
dos in personality testing -provide partic w/spec feedback concerning results of test -compare indiv agnst their own baseline lvls rather than agnst normative info
don'ts in personality testing -use clinical personality tests that focus on abnormality to study an avg pop of sport and esercise participants -use personality tests to decide who makes team or program and who dsnt
don'ts in personality testing -give or interpret personaolity tests unless u r qualified to do so by APA or another certifying organ -use personality tests to predict bx in sport and exercise settings w/o considering other sources of info
psychological core -most basic and deepest attitudes, values, interest,motives, adn self worth of a person-real person -e.g. persons religious values
typical responses -way one typically adjusts or responds to envir -eg being happy go lucky, shy
role related bx -how one acts in particular social situation -eg bx as a student, parent, or friend
psychodynamic approach -bx is determined by several unconscious, constantly changing factors that often conflice w/ one another -emphaiss is placed on understanding the person as a whole rather tahn identifiying isolated traits
trait approach -bx is determined by relatively stable traits taht are fundamental units of personality -these traits predispose one to act in certain way, regardless of situation
big 5 model of personality components 1. neuroticism 2. extroversion 3. openness to experience 4. agreeableness 5. conscientiousness
perfectionism -multidemensional construct taht consists of various conponents, including setting high standards, feeling concern over mistakes, and being highly organized -can lead to highly positive and extremely negative consequences (maladaptive versus adaptive)
situational approach -bx is determined by situation or envir -situation is more important determinant of bx that particular personality traits -situational approach is not as widely embraced by most sport psychologists
interactional approach -bx determined by both person and situational factors as well as by interaction -majority go with this theory
phenomenological approach -bx is best determined by accounting for situational and personal characteristics -person's understanding and interpretation of one's self and environment are critical -phenomenological view is often stressed by today's sport psych
research support for psychodynamic approach -current impact: has little infl and hasnt been adopted by mst contemporary s.p. -weakness-focuses almost entirely on internal determinants of bx, giving little att to socl envir -conrtibution-has incr awareness that unconscious determinants of bx exist
research support for trait approach -current impact-little infl -weakness: knowing traits will not always help predict bx in particular situations -contrivution: emphasizes imprtance of traits and measurement of such dispositions
research support for situational approach -current impact: little -weakness: situation will not always infl indiv bx -contrivution: emphasizes importance of situation
suppor for interactional -current impact: considerable infl and adopted by mst contemporary s.p. -contribution: consideration of both trait and situational variables and thieir interaction
-current impact-considerable infl and adopted by s.p. -contribution: contrib of person's interpretation of one's self and envir while considering both trait and situational variables and their interaction
findings in personality research -some relat exists b/w personality traits and states and sport performance, but it is far from perfect or precise -no single definitive personality profile ahs been found taht ocnsistently distinguishes athlets from nonathletes -
start at pg 12
Created by: Jamie D