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ASA 104 (JK)

ASA 104 Study Questions

List four items that, when you are packing for your charter, should be packed in carry-on luggage rather than checked baggage: ___________, ________________, ___________, _______________. Passport, credit/ debit card, charter/provisioning documents, prescription medication, change of clothing
Most cruising boats have at least two bilge pumps. The ____________ pump is powered by the battery (activated when the float switch senses water in the bilge), and the ___________ pump is operated by hand. automatic, manual
After first determining that the dock's freshwater supply is _________ , fill a cruising sailboat's freshwater tank through the ____________ _____________. safe, deck plate
A freshwater pump cycling on and off when no one is using water indicates an open _____________ or a __________ in the plumbing. faucet, leak
When you have finished using the propane stove, first turn off the __________ __________ and let the gas in the line burn off before you turn off the burner. solenoid switch
To flush the marine head, first pump in some water, then pump sufficiently to ensure the waste reaches the ______________ ______________. holding tank
To pump out a marine holding tank, first unscrew the ____________ ____________ ____________, then hold the ____________ _________ firmly in the waste outlet. waste deck plate, pumpout nozzle
When a boat is not connected to shorepower, the battery bank is recharged most effectively by the engine's __________ with the engine running at ____________ rpm or higher. alternator, 1,500
An inverter converts ______________ electricity from the battery banks to ____________ electricity, allowing you to use low-wattage AC appliances when the boat is not on shorepower. DC, AC
An emergency tiller fits into the top of the __________ __________ and can be used to steer the boat if the steering cables fail. rudder stock
Diesel engine cooling is achieved by means of two systems. Anti-freeze is used in the pressurized _______________ system, and coolant flow is regulated by a ____________. internal, thermostat
The engine-driven _____________-____________ pump circulates seawater in the engine's raw-water cooling system. The pump's ______________ is an important spare part to have on board. raw-water, impeller
List four factors that affect a sailing vessel's range under power: _____________, ____________, _______________, _____________. tank capacity, engine rpm, wind and waves, current, marine growth, vessel loading
List at least four repair items and spares that should be carried in addition to the boat's basic tool kit: ____________, ________________, _______________, _________________. cable ties, duct tape, WD-40, multimeter, short lines, impeller, fuel filters, engine oil, halyard, shackles, cotter pins/rings, sail-repair tape
The __________- style mainsail is hoisted with a halyard, when an in mast furling mainsail is deployed using the _____________. classic, outhaul
When setting a roller furling jib, it is important to control the rate at which the sail deploys by taking a turn of the ___________ line around a winch to prevent overrides from occurring in the furling _____________. furling, drum
Overpowered sails create excessive ______________- to which a boat responds by turning into the wind. This response is known as ____________ _____________. heeling, weather helm
To maintain a straight course with excessive weather helm, it is necessary to hold the ______________ at a large angle, which causes drag and slows the boat. rudder
When sailing on a broad reach in gusts, steer farther downwind to reduce the __________ wind speed. apparent
In constant true-wind conditions, as you head up from a downwind course to an _____________ course you will experience more______________ due to increased apparent wind, and it may be necessary to ____________ the sails. upwind, heeling, reef
When sailing downwind, a ______________ holds the boom to leeward to stop it swinging around in lumpy seas and to prevent an accidental ____________. preventer, jibe
Prior to reefing, it is possible to de-power the sails by any or all three methods: decreasing the sails' angle of ____________, adding _______________, and flattening the sails. attack, twist
Prepare your boat and crew for heavy weather by securely stowing gear, donning ______________, harnesses and __________, and adjusting the sail plan by ____________. PFDs (or life jackets), tethers, reefing
___________ is a technique using the engine and mainsail only; it uses the increased ___________wind to contribute towards both ___________ and stability. Motorsailing, apparent, speed
A skipper is responsible for the safety of the ____________ and ___________ while he may delegate tasks to an experienced _____________, the skipper will always be held responsible. crew, boat, crewmember
List at least four important items of emergency equipment that should be located and checked before departure: ________________, _______________, _______________, __________________. life jackets (or PFDs), fire extinguishers, horn, VHF radio, bilge pumps
When controlling a dockline from on board, take at least one _____________ around a cleat to take the load and avoid rope burns. turn
When docking or undocking under power, the two primary factors to assess are __________ and _____________. wind, current
The flow of water generated by the propeller is called ___________________. prop wash
The tendency for the stern of the boat with a right-handed prop to move to ___________ when reverse gear is first engaged is called ______________ _____________. port, prop walk
To make a 180-degree turn in a limited space you must preform a ____________ __________. On a boat with right-handed prop, this entails turning to starboard with alternating bursts of ___________ and _______________ power. standing turn, forward, reverse
When you encounter adverse wind conditions during docking or undocking, the use of ____________ lines as well as the engine and the ______________ will help you control the boat. spring, rudder
List three indicators that your anchor may be dragging: _____________, ____________, or __________________. vibrating anchor chain, change in range or bearings, closeness to another vessel
Two anchors set from the bow 45 to 60 degrees apart is called a _______________ __________. This method maximizes holding power and reduces _________________. forked moor, swing
When approaching a mooring buoy, preparation and _____________ between skipper and ______________ are essential for a perfect pick up. planning (or communication), crew
The VHF radio is the primary means for making urgent communications. The Three levels of urgent calls are ____________ for life-threatening situations, ____________ for non-life threatening situations and _____________ for navigation or weather hazards. Mayday, Pan Pan, Securite
The International Regulations for the Prevention of Collisions at Sea (COLREGS), published under the title _________ _________, establish actions to prevent collisions. Nevertheless, Rule 2 states that ____________ is responsible for avoiding a collision. Navigation Rules, everyone
At night, a sailboat under sail may show a masthead ______________ light alone. If under power, a boat must show a white ____________ light above deck-level sidelights. tricolor, steaming (or masthead)
Before towing a dinghy, remove loose gear and tilt or remove the ________. When towing, use a _______ towline, attach the dingy securely to the sailboat and tow it at a _____ behind the boat appropriate for the conditions. outboard, sturdy, distance
When arriving in a foreign country, you must fly the _______ flag just below your starboard spreader. After clearing _________ & _________, you must lower it and fly the nation's courtesy flag in its place. Q flag, customs, immigration
A large-scale chart shows a small geographic are in _________ detail. A small-scale chart shows a large area in __________ detail. great, less
To measure the distance between two points on a nautical chart, span your dividers between the two points, then measure on the ______________ scale, where 1 minute = 1 ____________ ___________. latitude, nautical mile
If the distance between waypoints A & B on your course is 18 nm and your speed is 5 knots, your Estimated Time Enroute is _______ hours. If you depart A at 0845, your ETA at B will be __________. 3.6, 12:21
Your direction of intended travel is called the _____________, but the path that the boat actually follows is the ________. A properly calculated and steered _________ will allow your course and track to be the same. course, track, heading
Dead reckoning uses the boat's __________, _________, and time elapsed to determine DR position. A DR position does not incorporate ________ or leeway. heading, speed, current
The intersection of two or more ______________ __________ ___________ gives a fix, which is the calculated position of the boat. lines of position (or LOPs)
When navigation with a GPS plotter, it's important to use the appropriate ________ to ensure you have the correct level of detail for safety. zoom
The vertical datum form which soundings are referenced on NOAA charts is _________ _____________ __________ ___________. On British Admiralty charts, the vertical datum is ________ __________ _________. Mean Lower Low Water, Lowest Astronomical Tide
In the Northern hemisphere mid-latitudes, wind circulates clockwise and outward from a ________- pressure system, and counterclockwise and into a ____________ - pressure system. High, Low
Using the rule of 15s, state the lower threshold wind speeds for: Small Craft Advisory _________, gale ____________, storm _________ and hurricane _____________. 20kt, 35kt, 50kt, 65kt
____________ fog forms on clear nights with ____________ wind, and will burn off with the sun or dissipate in the wind. A fog that requires wind to transport warm air over cold water, and may persist even in strong wind is called ________ fog. radiation, calm, advection
List at least three actions to take when navigating in low visibility: __________, ___________, _______________. take a fix, plot a course, slow down, make sound signals, hoist a radar reflector
Synoptic-scale describes weather patterns over a large area, but local winds may be strongly influenced by local factors such as ___________. terrain
An onshore breeze, driven by differential heating of land and sea, that may enhance or diminish the synoptic wind, is called a ___________ _____________. sea breeze
List three measures to prevent seasickness: _____________, _______________, ____________. Symptoms can be improved by taking the helm and scanning the __________. rest, hydration, anti-seasickness medication, horizon
Contents of a marine first-aid kit depend upon the number of _______________ and the distance from _____________ assistance. crew, medical
While a hypothermic crewmember should be treated by ________ warming, a patient with heat exhaustion needs rapid ___________ and hydration. slow, cooling
Distress signals are used to attract ____________ when you need assistance. In coastal waters, the best communicate with rescue authorities is with your ____________ _______________. You can pinpoint visually for rescuers by using __________. attention, VHF radio, flares
Should you be involved in a boating accident, you are required to make a formal report to the USCG if injuries are beyond ____________ ____________ or damages exceed ___________. first aid, $2,000
Rendering assistance to another _____________ at sea is required by law. However, assistance should never exceed your level of capability and ___________. individual, training
Your choice of MOB maneuver depends on the boat's point of ___________, the wind and _____________ conditions, and the skill and experience of those on board. sail, sea
The final approach for a Man Overboard recovery should be on a _________ ________ to control boat speed and to stop to __________________ of the MOB. close reach, windward
If your propeller becomes fouled while motoring, your first action should be to shift to ____________ gear. If the line is tightly wrapped, turn the ___________ _________ from inside the boat may free the line. neutral, prop shaft
If the diesel engine runs at irregular rpm, falters, and stops, the problem is due to an interruption in the ___________ supply, probably due to a clogged primary fuel _____________. fuel, filter
Lack of cooling water will result in the engine __________. Stop the engine immediately and check for debris or obstruction in the ___________ - ____________ _____________. overheating, raw-water strainer
In the event of a steering failure, determine if you can steer with the autopilot. If you can't, fit the emergency ___________ into the top of the rudder stock. tiller
Upon grounding under sail, your first action should be to ______________ the sails. If grounding under power, immediately shift into ____________ gear. de-power the sails, neutral
List three common sources of onboard fires: _______________, ________________, ____________. electrical, engines, fuel leaks, galley
Upon discovering water in the cabin, your first response should be to ensure the __________________ _____________ are on and working, and then to ____________ the water to establish if the leak is fresh water or seawater. bilge pumps, taste
Duty rotation is not only a great way to share the load, but also provides those new to cruising with _____________ and _______________. training, experience
When bringing provisions on board, leave the _________________ behind as they might contain insects and their eggs. cardboard boxes
Conserve the cold air in the fridge with tactical food stowage: plan meals so you eat the most ____________- items first, and _________ rummaging by packing meal items together. perishable, minimize (or avoid)
Stow heavy sealed beverage items as ____________ in the boat as possible, and replenish the beverage cooler from this stock. low
Skippers should plan on _____________ ___________ gallon of drinking water per person per day, and __________ gallons of water per day for bathing, dishes, etc. one half (1/2), five
To keep batteries properly charged, expect to run the diesel engine at least ____________ hours per day. two
List three measures to help conserve domestic battery power: ______________, __________, ______________ . switch off lights, use personal reading light, switch off fans, run fridge only when charging
Good Practices towards maintaining a clean and happy boat include a daily seawater washdown of the _____________, wiping the saloon table, and wiping up ______________ cockpit, spills
Before allowing crew to swim off of the boat, deploy the __________ ____________ and check for strong currents or shallow depths. Swim with a buddy, or post a ________________. swim ladder, lookout
Cruising etiquette involves observing courtesies, including asking __________ to board or raft against another boat, and giving fishermen and raceboats room to ___________. permission, maneuver
Flotillas offer a great way to gain experience by cruising in company with an experienced ___________ ___________ in new sailing grounds. flotilla leader
When sailing to windward, maintain control in gusts by _________ (heading up until the gust pasts) or ease the __________ using the sheet or traveler. feathering (or luffing), mainsail
Created by: Artesani
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