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History Review

Rome/Greeks, English Democracy, Enlightenment Thinkers

Who qualified as a citizen in Ancient Greece? Adult males who had money.
What type of government did Pericles believe in? Direct Democracy
Name one of Rome's early written legal code? The 12 Tablets or The Justinian Code
What did Aristotle believe was necessary to balance society? A middle class
What Hebrew Code focused on mortality and ethnics? The 10 Commandments
What monotheistic religion was based upon Judaism? Christianity
What did Judaism emphasize? A persons individual worth.
Why did Christianity appeal to slaves and women, at first? It promised a pleasant afterlife.
What is the legacy of the Judeo-Christian Tradition to democracy? Everyone is Equal. Before law, and the idea of individual worth.
What bill protected free speech in Parliament? English Bill Of Rights
What document limited the kings power in 1215? Magna Carta
What is the "turning point" in English Democratic History? The Glorious Revolution
What is "Divine Right of Kings"? Belief that monarchs are chosen by God.
Define Common Law? Customs and practices established over time that become accepted law.
Define Enlightenment? European intellectual movement that emphasizes reasons and logic.
John Locke believed in what kind of rights? Natural Rights
What Enlightenment philosopher came up with the separation of power? Baron de Montesquieu
Which branch of government makes the law? Legislative
What is the social contract? the idea that government has to protect the people, and the people have to obey the government.
Who thought up the Heliocentric Theory? Copernicus or Galileo
What did Hobbes called the absolute monarchy he thought people needed, or the name of his book? Leviathan
Who believed the wisest should rule? Aristotle
What did Aristotle call the wisest people that he thought should rule? Philosopher Kings
What did Beccaria want to outlaw? Torture/Cruel and unusual punishment
Name two philosophers whose ideas are seen in the U.S. Constitution? John Locke: Natural Rights Montesquieu: Checks and Balances Voltaire: Freedom of Speech
What document did Charles I sign, giving to Parliament? The Petition of Rights
What are the 3 branches of government? Executive, Legislative, and Judicial
In what year was the Petition of Rights signed? 1621
Created by: High-School