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Schools and Society

Character education is an approach to developing morality that suggests moral values and positive character traits, such as honesty and citizenship should be emphasized, taught and rewarded.
Academy a secondary school that focused on the practical needs of Colonial America as a growing nation
Head Start federal compensatory education program designed to help 3-5 year old disadvantaged children enter school ready to learn
Progressive Education educational philosophy emphasizing curriculum with a real world approach of problem solving and individual development.
Assimilation the process of socializing people to adopt dominant social norms and patterns of behavior
Junior high schools Schools that were originally designed in the early 1900s to provide a unique academic curriculum for early adolescent growth.
"separate but equal' policy segregating minorities in education, transportation and other areas of public life if opportunities and facilities were the same as non-minorities
vouchers a check or written document that parents can use to purchase educational services.
Middle Schools schools typically for 6-8 grade specifically designed to help students through the rapid social, emotional, and intellectual changes characteristic of early adolescent.
War on Poverty general term for federal programs designed to eradicate poverty during the 1960s
compensatory education programs government attempts to create more equal educational opportunities for disadvantaged youth
Title 1 federal compensatory education program that funds supplemental educational services for low income students in elementary or secondary schools
magnet schools public schools that offer innovative or specialized programs and accept enrollment from all parts of the district
Latin Grammar School a college-preparatory school originally designed to help boys prepare for the ministry or later, a career in law
Common School Movement a historical attempt to make education available for all children in the United States
Comprehensive high School a secondary school that attempts to meet the need of its students by housing them together and providing them curriculum options based on a wide variety of interests and ability. Examples are college prep classes to vocational classes
Normal School two year institutions developed in the early 1800's to prepare prospective elementary school teachers
english classical school free secondary school designed for boys that were not planning on attending college
old Deluder Satan Act Early colonial law designed to create scripture-literate citizens who would thwart satin's trickery.
block grants Federal monies provided to states and school districts with a few restrictions for use.
principal the individual who has the ultimate administrative responsibility for the schools operation
state tuition tax-credit plans A variation on school voucher programs in which parents are given tax-credits for their money spent on private-school tuition
categorical grants monies targeted for specific groups and designated purposes
school district an administrative unit within a state, defined by geographical boundaries, and legally responsible for the public education of children within those boundaries
superintendent the school district's head administrative officer, along with is or her staff, responsible for implementing that policy in the district's schools
charter schools alternative schools that are independently operated but publicly funded
site based decision making a school management reform movement that attempts to place increased responsibility for governance at the individual school level
homeschooling an educational option in which parents educate their children at home
state board of education the legal governing body that exercises general control and supervision of the schools in a state
local school board a group of elected lay citizens responsible for setting policies that determine how a school district operates
state office of education office responsible for implementing a state's education policy on a day to day basis
Created by: Lbishop1213
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