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Cody 6th Gr. SS
|Name the 7 continents.
|North America, South America, Africa, Australia, Europe, Asia and Antarctica
|Name the 4 oceans.
|Atlantic, Pacific, Arctic and Indian.
|What are the differences between political maps and physical maps?
|Political maps show capitals and national borders. Physical maps show the various elevations, and natural features such as rivers and seas.
|What is the Prime Meridian?
|It is the 0 degree longitude line. It is like the vertical equator. It cuts the world in half. It runs through Greenwich, England.
|What is a compass rose?
|It helps determine North, East, South or West directions.
|What is the difference between History and Pre-history?
|Pre history is the time for history. It is the period of time before writing was invented. History is the recorded events of people. It is ofen written down.
|What does fertile mean?
|rich in the substances that plants need to grow.
|Why was fertile soil important for early civiliation.
|Civilizations grew around the fertile soil. They were able to farm the land that had the fertile soil.
|What is food surplus?
|More food than what is needed.
|Why was food surplus important in early civilization?
|By having food surplus, the people didn't have to move from place to place. The food was stored for a later time. It was also often traded at market.
|What is an archeologist?
|They are scientists who examine objects to learn about the past people and cultures.
|What is a city-state?
|It is a city that is also a seperate, independent state. They have their own governments instead of being under one ruler.
|What is Hammurabi's Code?
|These were 282 laws organized in different categories. They were based on the idea of "An Eye for an Eye.
|Describe the religious practices of the Egyptians.
|Religion was very important in Egypt. They believed their gods/goddesses controlled nature. They built temples to honor the gods.
|Name some of the important Egyptian Gods.
|Amon-Re: the chief god. Osiris: god of the living and the dead Isis: the wife of Osiris Horus: the sky god.
|What are the two main sources of the Nile River?
|The Blue Nile and the White Nile.
|Who is Menes?
|He united upper and Lower Egypt. He was the king of Egypt's first Dynasty.
|Who is Hatshepsut?
|She ruled Egypt for about 15 years. She was the stepmother of Thutmose III. Since he was too young to rule, she declared herself pharoah. She was Thutmose's regent.
|Who was Thutmose III?
|He was one of the greatest pharaohs of the New Kingdom in Egypt. He loved to study plants.
|What is the geographic settng of Greece?
|Greece is a peninsula made up of smaller peninsulas and islands. It is very mountainous. Therefore, farming wasn't very good. So the greek people became traders and sailors.
|What were some of the tools of the Iceman?
|He had a copper axe. The tools provided scientists with clues about his life and death.
|Describe the Athenian lifestyle.
|Most of Athenian life centered around the market (agora). The woman stayed at home though. They Athenians ate very simple foods and little meat. Life was free and open.
|Describe the Spartan lifestyle.
|Life in Sparta was harsh. THe life of every Spartan was in the hands of the government. At 7, the boys went off to the barracks to be trained for the army.
|What is democracy?
|Democracy is a form of government in which the citizens govern themselves. Pericles and Socrates both believed in early democracy.
|What do you call the people that lived on Crete?
|The Minoans lived on the island of Crete.
|Describe the geograph of Rome. What were its advantages.
|Rome is made up of 7 hills. This made it easy to defend. The soil was fertile and it had a good source of water.
|What is the importance of Roman Law?
|The Romans for a government called a republic. The people ran the show. The Roman Law allowed a dictator to rule for 6 months to handle an emergency. Otherwise the government was basically run by a senate.