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AP US History

Chapter 13 The Slave South

Glossary TermDefinition
Nat Turner A black slave living in Virginia who, in 1831, killed fifty-seven whites along with his co-conspirators before they were caught and either killed or arrested.
Plantation masters They dominated slaves and everyone else, including wives and children.
Plantation Mistresses Their lives generally centered around the home where (according to the South's social ideal) they served as companions and hostesses for their husbands, and as nurturing mothers for their children.
Yeomen A typical white Southerner who was not a wealthy planter and slaveholder but a modest farmer who owned his own land and did not have slaves.
Plantation Belt Yeomen These small farmers, who grew food crops and cotton, depended on the local plantation aristocracy, who allowed them access to plantation gins and baling machines, helped them ship and sell their cotton, and extended a helping hand in all kinds of ways.
Upcountry Yeomen The hilly geography and lack of transportation limited the prosperity of these farmers. They worked in family units, and tasks were often divided according to gender. They devoted their efforts to growing subsistence crops as well as a little cotton.
Poor Whites These people supported themselves by farming on rented land or by working for wages. Like planters, they would fight to defend their honor, but their fights were more violent and chaotic than a gentleman's duel.
Mason-Dixon line The line on a map that divided north from south.
George Fitzhugh He argued that the Northern labor system rested on the heartless exploitation of workers.
Paternalism The belief that the Southern slave system was a set of reciprocal obligations between masters and slaves.
Chivalry The southern ideal of honour that assumed women were weak and subordinate to men.
Denmark Vesey A free black carpenter who allegedly planned to storm Charleston's arsenal, capture its weapons, kill whites who resisted, and set fire to the city.
William Ellison A free black South Carolinian who earned a fortune making cotton gins, then became a prosperous planter and slave owner.
Created by: alfromcanada