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Basic Human Anatomy

Basic Human Anatomy and Physiology Phlebotomy HCP0731

QuestionAnswer
Anabolism process of the body using simple substances to build substances
anatomy study of the shape and structure of the body and the relationship of one body part to another
appendicular skeleton skeletal system that provides an anchor for muscles
axial skeleton skeletal system that provides protection for parts of the body
catabolism process of producing energy by breaking down complex compounds into simple compounds
connective tissue tissue that supports and connects organs and tissue of the body
cytoplasm semifluid inside of the cell membrane
dermis skin layer undernearth the epidermis
endoplasmic reticulum channel for transport of material in and out of the nucleus
epidermis outermost covering of the skin
epithelial tissue tissue that protects the body by covering surfaces
golgi apparatus layers of membranes within a cell that synthesize carbohydrates and combine with protein molecules
hemodialysis process for purifying blood by passing through a dialyzer
hemopoiesis formation of blood cells
homeostasis all parts of the body working together to form a steady state
lysosomes spherical bodies in the cell cytoplasm that break down components
median plane imaginary line equally dividing the right and left sides of the body
metabolism process in the body of making substances and breaking down substances so the body can function
metabolism process in the body of making substances and breaking down substances so the body can function
mitochondria serve as sites for cell respiration and energy production
muscle tissue tissue that has the ability to shorten, thicken, or contract
nervous tissue tissue consisting of neurons that have the ability to react
nucleus part of cell taht controls the cell division and other activities of the cell
physiology study of the function of each body part and how the functions of the various parts coordinates to form a living organism
skeletal muscle muscles attached to the bone
smooth muscle muscles involved in involuntary movement
anticoagulant chemical substance that prevents the blood from clotting
buffy coat layer of cells in an anticoagulant tube of blood that is positioned between the red blood cells and the plasma layer. Consists of white blood cells and platelets
centrifuge instrument that spins and separates blood into layers depending on the weight of the layer. the heavier elements are pushed to the bottom due to centrifugal force
diastolic blood pressure when the heart is at rest
endocarditis infection of the inner membrane of the heart
erythrocytes also known as red blood cells
leukocytes also know as white blood cells
plasma fluid portion of the blood when no clotting has taken place
serum fluid portion of the blood after clotting has taken place
systolic blood pressure when the heart is fully contracted
thrombocytes also known as platelets
Created by: katyrn26