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C&E Chapter 2 Review
Colonies & Revolution
|List the three geographic regions of British colonies.
|Southern, Middle and New England
|Which region used the plantation system for farming, relying on slave labor?
|Which region depneded on shipbuilding?
|What was the name of the route taken by slaves from Africa to the Americas?
|Which colony was founded by James Oglethorpe as a refuge for debtors and a military outpost against the Spanish in Florida?
|Which colony was founded by John Winthrop and the Purtains?
|Which colony was founded by Roger Williams and allowed religious tolerance?
|Which document introduced the idea of limited government, by restricting the power of the king and granting nobles’ the right to trial by jury?
|This was the first permanent English settlement. It was founded in 1607 by the VA Company searching for gold.
|William Penn and the ______________ formed Pennsylvania. This religious group practiced tolerance, pacifism, and dealt fairly with Indians.
|This colony was formed by Lord Baltimore for the Catholics. They passed a Toleration Act allowing differences in religious beliefs.
|What was the first representative legislature in the colonies? Formed in Jamestown, it was the beginning of self-government in America.
|House of Burgesses
|What was the written plan of government drawn up by the Plymouth colonists? It formed a direct democracy.
|What is the term for England's system of law that is based on court decisions rather than regulations written by law makers?
|He was an English philosopher that developed the idea of natural rights and social contract theory which influenced Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence.
|A French philosopher that believed in separation of powers by dividing government into three branches establishing a system of checks and balances.
|Theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys.
|Forbid the colonist from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains.
|Proclamation of 1763
|This war caused Britain to begin taxing the colonists to pay off its war debts.
|French and Indian War
|Plan for a permanent union of the colonies under one representative government proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754. It eventually served as a model for the government that formed after the revolution.
|Albany Plan of Union
|Slogan created by James Otis colonists believed British taxes were unfair because they did not have any representatives in Parliament. It led to a boycott that eventually helped lead to the act being repealed.
|“No Taxation Without Representation”
|Passed by Parliament in response to the Boston Tea Party- closed the Boston Harbor and restricted colonist’s rights including the right to a trial by jury.
|Who was the first casualty of the war? He was killed during the Boston Massacre.
|First battles of the Revolutionary War- “shot heard round the world.”
|Lexington and Concord
|Who made a famous ride to alert the minuetmen that the British were coming?
|A pamphlet published by Thomas Paine calling for complete independence from Great Britain.
|A justification for the American Revolution can be found in which historical document?
|Declaration of Independence
|Which committee appointed Thomas Jefferson to write the Declaration of Independence?
|Second Continental Congress
|Which section of the Declaration of Idependence describes the wrongs committed against the colonists by King George III? It is the largest section.
|List of Grievances
|Who was president of the Second Continental Congress, and the first member to sign the Declration of Independence? His signature is the largest.
|Although, most members signed the Declaration of Independence on August 2, which date to we celebrate for the documents approval?
|July 4, 1776
|A peace agreement between the US and Great Britain ending the Revolutionary War.
|Treaty of Paris
|What name was given to the colonists that supported the war?
|This Battle was actually fought on Breed's Hill. Although, a defeat it was important proving the colonists could stand up against the British.
|Why was the Second Battle of Saratoga a major turning point for the American cause. Which European country officially recognized our independence and began giving us supplies and soldiers?
|Where did Washington's forces suffer heavy casualties due to food shortages and cold?
|Where did the British under General Cornwallis surrender?
|What was the name of the "Lost Colony"?
|What is the term for the peaceful transfer of power in 1688, when Parliament replaced King James II with his daughter and son-in-law? It showed that the Parliament was stronger than the king.
|Who was the leader of Jamestown, who trades with Chief Powhatan to get supplies?
|Which colony was founded by the Dutch as New Netherlands, but later taken by the British and given by the king to his brother?
|These people agreed to work for up to seven years in exchange for their passage to America.
|What cash crop grown by John Rolfe finally made the Jamestown colony profitable?
|Who was the first child of English parents to be born on American soil?
|Locke and Montesquieu are part of this movement, which believed that reason and science could improve society.
|The colonists’ victory was a major turning point because it encouraged Europe to aid the revolution, including formal recognition of American independence.
|Second Battle of Saratoga
|Washington’s forces suffered major losses due to bitter cold and food shortages while camped here.
|Washington famously crossed the Delaware River to attack the British forces stationed in these New Jersey cities.
|Trenton & Princeton