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Clep 1900s Progress

Clep 1900s Progressives

The ___ Era lasted from about 1900-1920, and was a time of political and social reforms in response to the problems caused by industrialization and urbanization. Progressive
Progressives worked to make businesses more responsible through regulations, ___ working conditions in factories, improve living conditions in  areas, and many other accomplishments to make American society a better and safer place to live. improve
The 1920 Census reported for the first time that over 50 percent of the population lived in ____. cities
The three largest cities in 1920, each with a population of over a million, were ____ , Chicago, and Philadelphia. New York
William James was a famous philosopher and psychologist; he is most remembered for his 1907 book entitled ___. Pragmatism
Pragmatism emphasized the importance of evaluating ideas based on their ___. consequences
Truth for William James was not fixed and unchanging but it was instead invented and created by human activity. He believed that if an idea ___ it is a true idea. works
Progressivism was an urban, middle-class reform movement that supported making businesses more responsible through ___, and having the government take a bigger role in the welfare of the public. regulations
The Progressives ended up forming a ___ party in 1912, but the movement also had the support of many Republicans and Democrats. political
One of the main goals of Progressives was to limit the power of the ____who controlled the political machines. big city bosses
A Progressive reforms was the ___ --an election process which gives the party members a chance to choose the candidates for public office. direct primary
A 'direct primary,' was intended to ___ the influence the big city bosses had in choosing who the candidates were. limit
One reform the Progressives pushed for was the__, which is a process where citizens can propose a law and get it put on an election ballot for voters to vote on. initiative
Citizens can propose a law by getting a certain # of voter's signatures on a petition. The reform initiative also included  _____, which is power of people to vote on an initiative and make it into law if the legislature is unwilling or unable to do it. referendum
A referendum gives citizens the power to  __on an initiative and make it into law if the state legislature is unwilling or unable to enact it. vote
___is a reform the Progressives pushed for--it is a process giving voters the power to remove elected officials from office. Recall
A 'recall,' and allows citizens to remove an elected official from office through ___ and a vote. petition
A big concern Progressives fought for was that they wanted to make the national government more responsive to the people. This resulted in the ___ , which provided for the direct election of senators. 17th Amendment
The 17th Amendment provided for direct election of senators. Before this amendment, senators were chosen by the ___. state legislatures
By 1915, Progressive forces had established an important principle of governance - ___, or the right of cities to draw up their own charters and govern municipal affairs. home rule
Home rule allows ___ in local matters by a city or county. For example, a city may decide whether or not it will provide a public transportation system, public health care, or parks and recreational facilities. self-government
The Populists were dominated by farmers, while the Progressives were dominated by ___. urban middle class people
Progressives wanted to improve conditions for the majority; i.e. eliminating ___ and controlling big business. corruption in government
The Populists consisted mainly of farmers--two of their primary goals were currency reform and government ownership of the ___, basically issues to benefit farmers. railroads
A woman's place is in the home was the major cultural message for women a. up to World War I. b. until the 1920s. c. in the years immediately after World War II. d. up to the 1960s. e. throughout the twentieth century. e. throughout the twentieth century.
Two elements of Progressivism: Reformation of Child Labor Laws and the use of modern science to solve social problems.
Who wanted to reform the Child Labor laws and use modern science to solve social problems? The Progressivists (Progressivism)
Progress. would prob. disagree w/ which statement? a. The nation has let laissez-faire government go too far. b. The business cycle will correct economic inequalities given enough time. c. The monopolistic practices of RR are destroying many small farmers b. The business cycle will correct economic inequalities given enough time.
Progressives tended to be engaged in political reform rather than in efforts to reform ______. social and economic abuses
What resulted from the exposes of the muckrakers? The stories led to a public outcry for reform and provided Progressivism with ammunition to pass vital reforms.
Theodore Roosevelt left the Republican Party and formed the __ in the election of 1912. Progressive Party
Theodore Roosevelt formed the Progressive Party, also known as the  ___ Party in 1912 when the Republicans chose William Taft as their candidate for a second term in office. Bull Moose
The Bull Moose Party was a popular name for the Progressive Party. Their platform called for direct election of senators, ___, a ban on child labor, greater regulation of trusts, and presidential primaries. women's suffrage
Created by: wendyk44
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