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government stack1

rights and liberties

QuestionAnswer
natural rights rights of all people to dignty and worth
affirmative action remidial action designed to overcome the effects of past discrimination against minorities
womens suffrage the right of women to vote
equal protection clause forbids states from denying people within theri jurisdiction equal protection of the laws
due process clause 5th/14th amendment: national and state governmnet cant deny life liberty or property without due process of law
white primary primary operated by dems in southern states that essentially constituted an election
racial gerrymandering drawing election districts that ensure members of a certain race are always a minority
poll tax payment required as a condition of voting
literacy test literacy requirement imposed by some states as a condition of voting, used to disqualify blacks
majority-minority district congressional district created to include a majority of minority voters: is constitutional if race is not main factor
jim crow laws state laws formerly pervasive in south, required facilities to be segregated by race
de jure segregation laws making it a crime for white and black people to go to school together, eat together or sit together on public transportation
de facto segregation segregationthat comes about because of economic or social conditions (individual choice)
commerce clause gives congress the power to regulate commmerce among states, with other nations, and indian tribes. basis for national regulation of economy/civil rights legislation
class action suit lawsuit brought by an individual or a group of people on behalf of all those similarly situated
racial or religious restrictive convenants a provision in a deed to real property excluding its sale to persons of a particular race or religion. (unconstitutional)
Created by: 100001180274298