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Unit 2 American Rev.

The American Revolution

1776 America declares independence from Britain
Saratoga Turning point in the American Revolution; the 1st time that it looked like the Americans would win and the French become an ally
King George III King of England during the American Revolution
Lexington & Concord First battles of the American Revolution; the “Shot Heard Round the World”
Declaration of Independence Listed the reasons that the U.S. was officially overthrowing the British Rule
Thomas Jefferson Wrote the Declaration of Independence; 3rd President
Samuel Adams Leader of the Sons of Liberty in Boston
Thomas Paine Wrote Common Sense (people should rule themselves, not ruled by a King) & wrote The Crisis to encourage troops
George Washington Commander of the American troops during the Revolution; 1st President
Benjamin Franklin nventor, discoverer of electricity, negotiated peace treaty with France
Yorktown Last battle of the American Revolution
Treaty of Paris Treaty that ended the American Revolution
Inalienable (Unalienable) Rights Rights that all people are born with: life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
Patrick Henry Said, “Give me liberty or give me death”; freedom is worth dying for; favored an individual’s rights
Tariff A tax, usually on imported goods
Lord Cornwallis Commander of the British forces; surrendered at Yorktown
Marquis de Lafayette Frenchman who aided troops at Valley Forge by supplying clothing
Boston Tea Party Sons of Liberty (disguised as Mohawks) boarded British ships and dumped tea as protest to Tea Act
Boston Massacre Brawl or fight between British Redcoats and Bostonians
Crispus Attucks African-American who was the first to die in the Boston Massacre
Valley Forge Washington’s starving, poorly equipped troops trained here during freezing winter
Taxation Without Representation Slogan of colonial grievance due to paying $ without consent
militia Troops of voluntary citizen-soldiers; minutemen
First and Second Continental Congress First CC: sent respectful petition to king Second CC: drafted Declaration of Independence
Mercy Otis Warren Patriot writer, First female historian of the American Revolution
Haym Salomon Polish born, Jewish Immigrant that helped finance the American Revolution, Arrested by the British for being
Bernardo de Galvez From Spain, Correspondent to the founding fathers in the American Revolution
James Armistead African American spy during the American Revolution
Abigail Adams Took a stance for women’s rights in letters to her husband during the American Revolution
The Proclamation Line 1763, A law that prohibited colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mts.
1st and 2nd Continental Congress Colonial Representatives that met in Philadelphia and ran the colonies during the war. Wrote the D.O.I
John Adams Massachusetts representative to the continental congress. Ensured the passage of the D.O.I.
Popular Sovereignty Government Power comes from the people
The Stamp Act Colonists must pay for the stamp of the King on all documents (cards, newspapers, ect)
Created by: Emensa