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Unit 1 Colonialism

The founding of the 13 original colonies

1620 Pilgrims settle at Plymouth
1607 1st permanent English settlement at Jamestown
1492 Columbus discovers America
Mayflower Compact Written by Pilgrims– said they would follow the laws they wrote. (idea: power comes from the people & self-govt)
John Smith Leader of Jamestown colony
William Penn Founder of Pennsylvania; he believed in paying Indians for their land, freedom of religion, and self-government
Virginia House of Burgesses First form of representative government in America
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut 1st written form of government in America; gave the right to vote to non-church members
Middle Colonies AKA the Breadbasket Colonies; raised lots of grain, animals, produced iron
Cultural Borrowing To borrow and use an idea that you got from another culture
Mercantilism Country controls the imports and exports of its colonies; “the colonies exist for the good of the mother country
New England Colonies Economy based on fishing & shipping trade. Cold climate, short growing season. Used town meetings to govern
Anne Hutchinson Woman accused of heresy (false teaching); exiled from Massachusetts
William Bradford Leader of Pilgrims at Plymouth
Roger Williams Exiled from Massachusetts; founder of colony of Rhode Island
Southern Colonies Longer growing season, fertile soil, grew cotton and tobacco. Life revolved around plantations
The Middle Passage Ship’s voyage importing slaves from Africa; many Africans died
Albany Plan of Union First proposal to unite the American colonies; by Ben Franklin “Join or Die
Secondary source second-hand information; heard from other sources; not an eyewitness
Primary source first-hand information; eyewitness account of an event
Triangular Trade Shipping and trade routes between the colonies & Africa & West Indies islands
Magna Carta In 1215, King John was forced to share power with Parliament; (no one was above the law & right to trial by jury)
The First Great Awakening Religious movement in the 1700s; increased religious toleration & more “equality in eyes of God”
The Enlightenment Intellectual movement in 1700s; the power of REASON led to many inventions
Charles de Montesquieu His ideas influenced the founding fathers, defined separation of powers
John Locke Wrote the Doctrine of Natural Rights which outlined the fundamental rights all humans should enjoy (life, liberty, and property)
William Blackstone Wrote Doctrines of English Law; textbook for American lawyers; taught that rights were given by God
Created by: Emensa
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