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Rebellion/Pilgrimage

the pilgrimage of grace 1536-37

QuestionAnswer
What was the only serious armed threat to Henry VIII's government? The only serious armed threat to Henry VIII's government.
What was the Pilgrimage of Grace made up of? Made of 3 separate but related rising.
Where did rising begin and who led the rising? Rising began at Louth led by a man called Captain Cobbler.
Who was murdered when the violence spread? Violence spread, the Chancellor of the Bishop of Lincoln was murdered.
Who took over the rising? Gentry, Priests and some armed Monks took over.
how many marched to Lincoln and how did Henry deal with it? 10,000 Marched to Lincoln and Henry sent Duke of Suffolk and his army to the area and as they got neared the rising collapsed.
Who heard about the rising and helped? Robert Aske heard about the rising and sent letters for supporting the church.
What did the rebels force to surrender? and how many moved to Pontefract? Rebels forced the surrender of Barnard Castle. 3000 moved to Pontefract, Lord Darcy handed over the Castle.
what did Darcy make sure to do? Darcy made sure the revolt was disciplined.
What was the main reason for the rebellion? The main reason for the rebellion were religion causes.
What did the people fear? The people feared religious changes.
What did Robert Aske see the rising as? Robert Aske saw the rising as a 'Religious crusade'.
What was the greatest religious cause? The cause of the rising, was the dissolution of Monasteries.
What did the dissolution bring home to people? the Dissolution brought home to people the impact of reformation as services such as shelter for poor, providing food and education would've been ended. threat to monasteries was seen as a threat to the poor.
What were the people defending? People were defending the Roman Catholic Faith. Rebels wanted Protestantism to be destroyed.
What were the rebels afraid of? They were afraid Catholic rituals would be abandoned, for example holy days, also afraid church's wealth was getting taken away.
What were the rebels dissatisfied with? dissatisfaction with priests, it was a wish to abolish titles.
What was the rebellion a demand for? the rebellion was a demand for Princess Mary to be accepted as heir to the throne.
What was one of the political causes of the rebellion? Act of Succession.
What did the commons fear? commons feared that Cromwell maybe left to the throne.
Who did Robert Aske believe would be the next heir? Asked felt that Henry's sister Margaret maybe the heir.
What did most nobles hate? Nobility hated the fact that Thomas Cromwell, a middle class southerner had gained power.
Who did everyone hate? They resented Anne Boleyn.
What were people complaining about? There was complaints against the abuse of common law.
what was one of the main social reasons for the rebellion? Grievances such as demands for tenant rights, loss of common land, putting up rents unnecessarily because of the scarcity of land were usually overlooked by the gentry.
What made people angry? Nobles were not good landlords, there were poor harvests and this made people angry.
What was the 1534 Subsidy Act? The 1534 Subsidy Act allowed taxes to be collected during peace time.
What were the Northern Gentry concerned about? The Northern Gentry had concerns over the new Statue of Uses.
In conclusion what was cause of the rebellion? In conclusion, The Pilgrimage of Grace was a 'popular response of a large body of Englishmen to the new changes in religion.'
What was the governments reaction to the rebellion? The rising caught the government completely unaware.
What did Henry VIII try to do first? Henry VIII sent Duke of Norfolk to meet the rebels but they refused to give up.
Who was to take the pilgrims grievances to Henry? Two members of Gentry, Ellerker and Bowes were to take the Pilgrims grievances to Henry at Windsor.
What did Henry offer the gentry? Henry offered no concession except that he'd pardon all but 10 rebels, which made rebels angrier.
What was eventually negotiated? Eventually agreed to another meeting and the Monasteries were not to be closed before Parliament met.
What did Aske think? Aske thought he had won, but the king did nothing except using propaganda to try and divide commons from the gentry.
How many people were executed? 178 rebels, including Aske, Darcy and Bigod were executed.
What did Henry do after their executions? He gave power to the loyal Gentry families, also strengthened towns on the Scottish boarder and became more friendly towards France and lastly did a royal progress to the North.
What were the main reasons for failure of the rebellion? Henry's tactics were an important reason for the failure of the rebellion, the fact that Asked and other leaders actually believe the Kings promises was probably one of the main reasons. there were also too many groups all with different aims involved.
What other reasons were the reason for the failure? The commons and gentry were divided because of the clever use of Henry's propaganda. London was not threatened and the rebellion did not spread to south and Henry managed to c rush the rebellion at the first opportunity he had.
What was the impact of the rebellion? Although the rebellion did not succeed. it was still a huge threat to the monarch and was the largest co-ordinated revolt in English history.
What would've happened if more nobles joined in? If more senior Nobles such as Norfolk had joined in, it could have toppled Henry VIII.
How did the rebellion change Henry VIII? The rebellion Made Henry more cautious about religious changes and speeded up the dissolution of Monasteries.
How the did the rebellion effect Protestants? The rebellion encouraged Protestants to believe that the King and his people were ready to commit to Protestantism.
Created by: rosemayz
 

 



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