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AP Psych Unit 13

Treatments of Psychologial Disorders

QuestionAnswer
an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy eclectic approach
treatment involving psychological techniques; consits of interactions between a trained therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth psychotherapy
Sigmund Freud's therapeutic technique. Freud believed the patient's free association, resistances, dreams, and transferences released previously repressed feelings, allowing hte patient to gain self-insight psychoanalysis
in psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden materials resistance
in psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in ordre to promote insight interpretation
in psychoanalysis, the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions, linked with other relationships transference
therapy deriving from the psychoanalytic tradition that views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences, and that seeks to enhance self-insight psychodynamic therapy
a variety of therapies that aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing the client's awareness of underlying motives and defenses insight therapies
a humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathetic environment to facilitate clients' growth client-centered therapy
empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies. active listening
a caring, accepting, nonjudgemental attitude, which Carl Rogers believed would help clients to develop self-awareness and self-acceptance unconditional positive regard
thearpy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors behavior thearpy
a behavior therapy procedure that uses classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors counterconditioning
behavior techniques, such as systematic desensitization, that treat anxieties by exposing people to the things they fear and avoid exposure therapies
a type of exposure therapy that associates pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. systematic desensitization
an anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears virtual reality exposure therapy
a type of counterconditioning that associated an unpleasant state(nausea) with and unwanted behavior (drinking alcohol) aversive conditioning
an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a toekn of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privelages or treats token economy
thearpy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions cognitive therapy
a popular integrative therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changing self-defeating thinking) with behavior therapy (changing behavior) cognitive-behavioral therapy
therapy that treats the family as a system. Views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by, or directed at, other family members family therapy
the tendency for extreme or unusual scores to fall back towards their average regression toward the mean
a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies meta-analysis
clinical decision-making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferences evidence-based practice
prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patient's nervous system biomedical therapy
the study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior psychopharmacology
drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other forms of sever thought disorder antipsychotic drugs
involuntary movements of the facial muscles, tongue, and limbs; a possible neurotoxic side effect of long-term use of antipsychotic drugs that target certain dopamine receptors tardive dyskinesia
drugs used to control anxiety and agitation antianxiety drugs
drugs used to treat depression; also increasingly prescribed for anxiety antidepressant drugs
a biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
the application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)
surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior psychosurgery
a now-rare pscyhosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. The procedure cut the nerves connecting the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain lobotomy
the personal strength that helps most people cope with stress and recover from adversity and even trauma resilience
Created by: kp1793
 

 



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